Gareth Southgate has been appointed England manager on a permanent basis; UEFA.com meets ten more coaches who stepped up from the Under-21s in style.
Gareth Southgate has been confirmed as England's new manager, stepping up after having led his nation's Under 21 side since 2013. Spain boss since the summer, Julen Lopetegui is in a similar situation having previously won EUROs at U19 (2012) and U21 (2013) levels. UEFA.com meets ten more coaches who made the move up to the senior ranks.
Croatia: Slaven Bilić
(U21 2004-06, senior team 2006-12)
Bilić called up under-age regulars Eduardo, Luka Modrić and Vedran Ćorluka for his first senior game, a friendly against world champons Italy in Livorno; Modrić and Eduardo duly scored in a 2-0 win – a good omen for the coach, who led the seniors until 2012, and took them to two EUROs. "When I promoted those three players, everyone thought I was too brave or crazy," he told UEFA.com in 2008. "But I knew they would be good. Working as U21 coach helped me because I had seen them progress."
Czech Republic: Karel Brückner
(U21 1987-88, 1988-2001, senior team 2001-08)
Much celebrated for his physical resemblance to Klekí-petra, a native American chief in a TV series popular on Czech TV, Brückner's second spell as U21 coach peaked with the Czech Republic finishing as runners-up at the 2000 European finals. Assistant coach at UEFA EURO 2000, he transferred over to the senior side in 2001, and led them to the semi-finals of UEFA EURO 2004 as well as the 2006 FIFA World Cup and UEFA EURO 2008 finals.
France: Raymond Domenech
(U21 1993-2004, senior team 2004-10)
A somewhat controversial choice when he replaced Jacques Santini after a disappointing showing at UEFA EURO 2004, Domenech's greatest coup may have been persuading the likes of Zinédine Zidane, Lilian Thuram and Claude Makélélé to come out of international retirement, his side losing out to Italy in the 2006 World Cup final. Things deteriorated thereafter for the eccentric coach, whose players disappointed in UEFA EURO 2008 and revolted against him at the 2010 World Cup.
Germany: Berti Vogts
(U21 1979-1990, senior team 1990-98)
The first coach of Germany's U21s when the side was founded in 1979, Vogts worked in tandem as Franz Beckenbauer's senior-team assistant (1986-90) before taking the top job following his boss's retirement. His biggest success was Germany's triumph at EURO '96, though he was also in charge when they lost in the final of the 1992 competition against rank outsiders Denmark.
Italy: Azeglio Vicini
(U21 1977-86, senior team 1986-91)
After leading the U21s to a runners-up finish at the 1986 European finals – losing to Spain on penalties – Vicini graduated to the senior ranks along with such charges as Roberto Mancini, Giuseppe Giannini, Roberto Donadoni, Walter Zenga and Gianluca Vialli. He led the Azzurri to the 1988 EURO semi-finals and to the last four – as hosts – of the 1990 World Cup.
Portugal: Carlos Queiroz
(U21 1989-91, senior team 1991-93, 2008-10)
Having guided his nation's Golden Generation (Paulo Sousa, Fernando Couto, João Vieira Pinto, Luís Figo and Rui Costa) at U16, U18 and U20 levels, Queiroz moved up to the senior side, but never took them to a final tournament. Following a spell as Sir Alex Ferguson's Manchester United assistant, the Mozambique-born coach had more success in a second spell, taking them to the last 16 of the 2016 World Cup finals.
Scotland: Andy Roxburgh
(U21 1975-86, senior team 1986-93)
Latterly UEFA's technical director, Roxburgh oversaw a number of Scotland's under-age sides before succeeding Sir Alex Ferguson – himself a temporary appointment following the death of Jock Stein – in 1986. He stayed in situ for more than seven years, guiding Scotland to the 1990 World Cup and the European Championship in Sweden two years later.
Sweden: Tommy Söderberg
(U21 1994-97, 2004-13, senior team 1998-2004)
Söderberg was in sole command of the Blågult proper from 1998–99 before teaming up with Lars Lagerbäck to lead Sweden in tandem, reaching UEFA EURO 2000 together, making it to the last 16 at the 2002 World Cup, and then the UEFA EURO 2004 quarter-finals, where they only lost to the Netherlands on penalties. Söderberg Returned to the U21s thereafter, saying: "My plan was never to take the senior job in the first place. I'm very happy in an educational role."
Switzerland: Jakob Kuhn
(U21 1998-2001, senior team 2001-08)
'Köbi' once said: "A coach who screams constantly is like a rushing mountain stream next to your holiday cottage – you only hear it on the first few days." He quietly corralled the likes of Tranquillo Barnetta, Valon Behrami, Philippe Senderos, Alexander Frei and Ludovic Magnin into the first team, and made it to UEFA EURO 2004 and the 2006 World Cup round of 16. "What helped me a lot was that I knew a lot of my players from the U21s," he explained.
Turkey: Fatih Terim
(U21 1990-93, senior team 1993-96, 2005-09, 2013-present)
U21 coach and senior boss Sepp Piontek's assistant for a time, Fatih Terim got the top job after the German's resignation, promising "a team with fighting and winning spirit". He delivered at EURO '96 with the likes of Hakan Şükür, Bülent Korkmaz, Alpay Özalan, Tugay Kerimoğlu, Abdullah Ercan and Arif Erdem, all of whom had played for him at U21 level.