Serbia and Iceland are through to next year's FIFA World Cup in Russia while there was also cause to celebrate for the Republic of Ireland and Croatia.
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- Serbia and Iceland claim Monday's automatic places
- Republic of Ireland and Croatia seal play-off spots
- Spain already qualified; Italy in play-offs
- Watch highlights
On a night of multiple permutations, Serbia kept it simple by holding onto top spot, and a World Cup ticket, thanks to substitute Aleksandar Prijovic's 74th-minute goal. Amid mounting Serbian pressure in Belgrade, with Nemanja Matić having an effort cleared off the line and Georgia keeper Giorgi Makaridze frustrating the hosts, Prijovic slid in an Aleksandar Mitrović cross.
Ireland leapfrogged Wales on the last day to steal the crucial second place in this tight section, with James McClean's 57th-minute strike in Cardiff taking the Irish into the play-offs. McClean turned in Jeff Hendrick's cross moments after Darren Randolph had denied Wales's Hal Robson-Kanu at the other end.
Austria finished with the flourish of a second straight win, this one earned by Louis Schaub's 69th-minute effort in Chisinau against a Moldovan side consigned to bottom spot. Their task had been made easier by the earlier sending-off of Moldova's Artur Ioniţa.
Already assured of first place in the section, the 2010 world champions concluded qualifying with a victory given them by Asier Illarramendi's long-range thunderbolt. The Real Sociedad midfielder marked his second international cap with a rasping first-time effort from 30 metres to clinch the points in Jerusalem.
Italy were certain to finish second regardless of the result in Shkoder but head into next month's play-offs on the back of a victory in what was their 800th game thanks to Antonio Candreva's second-half goal. The Internazionale man picked up Leonardo Spinazzola's deep left-wing cross to fire in the only goal 17 minutes from time – his seventh goal for his country on his 50th appearance.
These teams already knew they would finish fifth and sixth respectively, but the home side ensured they ended on a winning note with two goals in three minutes just before half-time in Strumica. Visar Musliu headed in a 36th-minute corner, before Aleksandar Trajkovski rounded off a sweeping move with a low shot. Trajkovski then delivered crosses for Enis Bardi and substitute Arijan Ademi to score in a three-minute period midway through the second half.
After illuminating UEFA EURO 2016, Iceland will grace the World Cup for the first time after claiming the requisite win in Reykjavik. The hosts betrayed a few nerves but Gylfi Sigurdsson's fine strike shortly before the interval settled them and Kosovo never looked like conjuring an equaliser. Johann Gudmundsson sealed it midway through the second period, converting Sigurdsson's cross. Iceland become the first country with a population under one million to reach a World Cup.
The battle for second spot hung in the balance for over an hour in Kyiv until Andrej Kramarić tipped the scales in Croatia's favour with two goals in nine minutes. Luka Modrić's pinpoint cross created the first, a header, before a wonderful first-time pass from Ivan Rakitić carved out the second. It rubber-stamped the Croatians' runners-up place and play-off berth.
Finland twice cancelled out Cenk Tosun goals to deny Turkey a consolatory victory in Turku. Following Paulus Arajuuri's earlier equaliser, Joel Pohjanpalo earned them a draw two minutes from time as the Finns, already condemned to fifth position, struck twice in a competitive home game for the first time in six years.