Country
09/1010/1111/1212/1313/14Tot
PtsPtsPtsPtsPtsPtsNA
1Real Madrid CFReal Madrid CFESP19.00030.00032.00026.00035.000142.00019.542
2FC BarcelonaFC BarcelonaESP27.00033.00030.00024.00024.000138.00019.542
3FC Bayern MünchenFC Bayern MünchenGER27.00021.00030.00033.00027.000138.00016.328
4Chelsea FCChelsea FCENG19.00023.00030.00027.00025.000124.00016.949
5SL BenficaSL BenficaPOR19.00022.00021.00026.00029.000117.00012.459
6Manchester United FCManchester United FCENG25.00033.00013.00018.00023.000112.00016.949
7Club Atlético de MadridClub Atlético de MadridESP21.0006.00030.00010.00033.000100.00019.542
8Valencia CFValencia CFESP16.00018.00021.00019.00022.00096.00019.542
9Arsenal FCArsenal FCENG22.00019.00019.00018.00018.00096.00016.949
10FC PortoFC PortoPOR19.00028.00010.00020.00016.00093.00012.459
11AC MilanAC MilanITA16.00016.00020.00017.00016.00085.00013.387
12Olympique LyonnaisOlympique LyonnaisFRA25.00017.00017.00012.00015.00086.00011.300
13FC Internazionale MilanoFC Internazionale MilanoITA31.00019.00018.00014.0002.83382.00013.387
14FC Schalke 04FC Schalke 04GER0.00027.00017.00019.00016.00079.00016.328
15Borussia DortmundBorussia DortmundGER0.0007.0007.00030.00022.00066.00016.328
16JuventusJuventusITA15.0006.0000.00023.00023.00067.00013.387
17Paris Saint-GermainParis Saint-GermainFRA0.00012.0007.00025.00025.00069.00011.300
18FC Shakhtar DonetskFC Shakhtar DonetskUKR10.00024.0008.00017.00011.00070.0008.193
19Tottenham Hotspur FCTottenham Hotspur FCENG0.00021.0007.00016.00015.00059.00016.949
20FC Basel 1893FC Basel 1893SUI6.0009.00019.00016.00019.00069.0006.645
21FC ZenitFC ZenitRUS1.50016.00018.00013.00016.00064.5009.399
22Manchester City FCManchester City FCENG0.00013.00017.0007.00019.00056.00016.949
23Sevilla FCSevilla FCESP19.0009.0001.5000.00022.00051.50019.542
24Bayer 04 LeverkusenBayer 04 LeverkusenGER0.00013.00016.0009.00016.00054.00016.328
25Olympique de MarseilleOlympique de MarseilleFRA14.00018.00019.0004.0004.00059.00011.300
26FC RubinFC RubinRUS13.00010.0008.00018.00011.00060.0009.399
27Olympiacos FCOlympiacos FCGRE16.0001.00016.00010.00018.00061.0006.720
28PFC CSKA MoskvaPFC CSKA MoskvaRUS20.00014.00016.0001.5006.00057.5009.399
29PSV EindhovenPSV EindhovenNED12.00018.00016.0005.0005.00056.0008.862
30AFC AjaxAFC AjaxNED9.00013.00012.0009.00010.00053.0008.862
31SSC NapoliSSC NapoliITA0.0007.00019.0006.00016.00048.00013.387
32Liverpool FCLiverpool FCENG21.00012.0000.0009.0003.35742.00016.949
33Sporting Clube de PortugalSporting Clube de PortugalPOR12.00010.00020.0004.0001.98346.00012.459
34FC Dynamo KyivFC Dynamo KyivUKR8.00017.0006.0009.0008.00048.0008.193
35AZ AlkmaarAZ AlkmaarNED8.0005.00016.0001.50016.00046.5008.862
36Galatasaray AŞGalatasaray AŞTUR10.0001.5000.00022.00015.00048.5006.840
37Athletic ClubAthletic ClubESP8.0000.00023.0004.0004.60035.00019.542
38VfB StuttgartVfB StuttgartGER17.00010.0000.0009.0001.50037.50016.328
39Villarreal CFVillarreal CFESP7.00023.0004.0000.0004.60034.00019.542
40SC BragaSC BragaPOR1.00022.00010.0006.0001.50040.50012.459
41SS LazioSS LazioITA4.0000.0007.00018.00010.00039.00013.387
42FC Girondins de BordeauxFC Girondins de BordeauxFRA27.0000.0000.00012.0002.00041.00011.300
43FC TwenteFC TwenteNED8.00015.00015.0004.0001.18342.0008.862
44RSC AnderlechtRSC AnderlechtBEL13.0005.00012.0008.0005.00043.0007.260
45ACF FiorentinaACF FiorentinaITA21.0000.0000.0000.00015.00036.00013.387
46FC SalzburgFC SalzburgAUT13.0002.0007.0001.00017.00040.0006.185
47Fulham FCFulham FCENG23.0000.0006.0000.0003.35729.00016.949
48FC Metalist KharkivFC Metalist KharkivUKR1.5008.00018.00010.0000.00037.5008.193
49LOSC LilleLOSC LilleFRA12.0007.0009.0006.0001.70034.00011.300
50FC KøbenhavnFC KøbenhavnDEN7.00017.0004.0006.0007.00041.0004.260
51Hannover 96Hannover 96GER0.0000.00016.00010.0002.94226.00016.328
52Málaga CFMálaga CFESP0.0000.0000.00022.0004.60022.00019.542
53Fenerbahçe SKFenerbahçe SKTUR11.0001.5000.00022.0000.00034.5006.840
54FC Viktoria PlzeňFC Viktoria PlzeňCZE0.0001.0009.00014.00011.00035.0005.870
55AS RomaAS RomaITA9.00016.0001.5000.0002.83326.50013.387
56FCSBFCSBROU4.0005.0006.00012.0007.00034.0005.451
57SV Werder BremenSV Werder BremenGER15.0008.0000.0000.0002.94223.00016.328
58KRC GenkKRC GenkBEL1.5001.5007.00010.00011.00031.0007.260
59R. Standard de LiègeR. Standard de LiègeBEL16.0000.00013.0000.0002.00031.0007.260
60PAOK FCPAOK FCGRE1.5009.00010.0001.5009.00031.0006.720
61APOEL FCAPOEL FCCYP7.0001.50019.0001.5004.00033.0004.650
62Celtic FCCeltic FCSCO5.0001.5005.00016.0006.00033.5003.313
63FC Spartak MoskvaFC Spartak MoskvaRUS0.00018.0001.5006.0001.50027.0009.399
64Hamburger SVHamburger SVGER18.0000.0000.0000.0002.94218.00016.328
65FC BATE BorisovFC BATE BorisovBLR5.0009.0006.0009.0001.00030.0003.725
66Beşiktaş JKBeşiktaş JKTUR7.0009.00010.0000.0000.00026.0006.840
67Levante UDLevante UDESP0.0000.0000.00013.0004.60013.00019.542
68VfL WolfsburgVfL WolfsburgGER16.0000.0000.0000.0002.94216.00016.328
69Club BruggeClub BruggeBEL10.0003.0008.0003.0001.00025.0007.260
70FC Dnipro DnipropetrovskFC Dnipro DnipropetrovskUKR0.0001.5001.50011.00010.00024.0008.193
71Newcastle United FCNewcastle United FCENG0.0000.0000.00015.0003.35715.00016.949
72 Real Betis BalompiéReal Betis BalompiéESP0.0000.0000.0000.00012.00012.00019.542
73Hapoel Tel-Aviv FCHapoel Tel-Aviv FCISR9.0008.0005.0003.0001.00026.0005.375
74Trabzonspor AŞTrabzonspor AŞTUR1.5001.50010.0001.50010.00024.5006.840
75FC AnjiFC AnjiRUS0.0000.0000.00011.00010.00021.0009.399
76Panathinaikos FCPanathinaikos FCGRE12.0006.0001.5004.0001.22023.5006.720
77Udinese CalcioUdinese CalcioITA0.0000.00012.0003.0001.50016.50013.387
78AC Sparta PrahaAC Sparta PrahaCZE5.0008.0001.5008.0000.50023.0005.870
79 Eintracht FrankfurtEintracht FrankfurtGER0.0000.0000.0000.00012.00012.00016.328
80CFR 1907 ClujCFR 1907 ClujROU2.0007.0000.00011.0001.37520.0005.451
81VfL Borussia MönchengladbachVfL Borussia MönchengladbachGER0.0000.0000.0009.0002.9429.00016.328
82Stoke City FCStoke City FCENG0.0000.0008.0000.0003.3578.00016.949
83Everton FCEverton FCENG8.0000.0000.0000.0003.3578.00016.949
84 Real Sociedad de FútbolReal Sociedad de FútbolESP0.0000.0000.0000.0005.0005.00019.542
85Getafe CFGetafe CFESP0.0005.0000.0000.0004.6005.00019.542
86Hertha BSC BerlinHertha BSC BerlinGER8.0000.0000.0000.0002.9428.00016.328
87BSC Young BoysBSC Young BoysSUI1.0008.0001.5007.0001.44017.5006.645
88 Swansea City AFCSwansea City AFCENG0.0000.0000.0000.0007.0007.00016.949
89Birmingham City FCBirmingham City FCENG0.0000.0007.0000.0003.3577.00016.949
90GNK Dinamo ZagrebGNK Dinamo ZagrebCRO4.0005.0004.0005.0002.00020.0003.925
91FK Austria WienFK Austria WienAUT2.0001.5006.0000.0008.00017.5006.185
92Rangers FCRangers FCSCO6.00012.0001.5000.0000.65019.5003.313
93 SC FreiburgSC FreiburgGER0.0000.0000.0000.0005.0005.00016.328
94 Wigan Athletic FCWigan Athletic FCENG0.0000.0000.0000.0004.0004.00016.949
95FC Lokomotiv MoskvaFC Lokomotiv MoskvaRUS0.0001.50010.0000.0002.08311.5009.399
96Aston Villa FCAston Villa FCENG1.5001.5000.0000.0003.3573.00016.949
97US Città di PalermoUS Città di PalermoITA0.0005.0001.0000.0002.8336.00013.387
98SK Rapid WienSK Rapid WienAUT4.0002.0000.0002.0005.00013.0006.185
99CS MarítimoCS MarítimoPOR0.0001.5000.0005.0001.9836.50012.459
100FC ZürichFC ZürichSUI7.0000.0004.0000.0001.00012.0006.645
101Genoa CFCGenoa CFCITA5.0000.0000.0000.0002.8335.00013.387
102Maccabi Haifa FCMaccabi Haifa FCISR4.0001.0004.0000.0004.00013.0005.375
103Montpellier Hérault SCMontpellier Hérault SCFRA0.0001.0000.0006.0001.7007.00011.300
104PFC Ludogorets 1945PFC Ludogorets 1945BUL0.0000.0000.0001.00014.00015.0003.125
105Vitória SCVitória SCPOR0.0000.0001.5000.0004.0005.50012.459
106CD NacionalCD NacionalPOR4.0000.0001.5000.0001.9835.50012.459
107Maccabi Tel-Aviv FCMaccabi Tel-Aviv FCISR0.0001.5002.0000.0009.00012.5005.375
108UC SampdoriaUC SampdoriaITA0.0004.0000.0000.0002.8334.00013.387
1091. FSV Mainz 051. FSV Mainz 05GER0.0000.0001.0000.0002.9421.00016.328
110AJ AuxerreAJ AuxerreFRA0.0006.0000.0000.0001.7006.00011.300
111KKS Lech PoznańKKS Lech PoznańPOL1.50010.0000.0001.0001.00013.5003.775
112FC SheriffFC SheriffMDA4.0004.0000.5001.5005.00015.0002.075
113FC Unirea UrziceniFC Unirea UrziceniROU10.0001.5000.0000.0001.37511.5005.451
114FC Slovan LiberecFC Slovan LiberecCZE1.5000.0000.0001.5008.00011.0005.870
115AEK Athens FCAEK Athens FCGRE3.0005.0002.0000.0001.22010.0006.720
116FC Paços de FerreiraFC Paços de FerreiraPOR1.0000.0000.0000.0003.0004.00012.459
117A. Académica de CoimbraA. Académica de CoimbraPOR0.0000.0000.0004.0001.9834.00012.459
118sc Heerenveensc HeerenveenNED6.0000.0000.0001.5001.1837.5008.862
119Toulouse FCToulouse FCFRA5.0000.0000.0000.0001.7005.00011.300
120NK MariborNK MariborSVN1.5001.5002.0003.0006.00014.0002.200
121 FC Chornomorets OdesaFC Chornomorets OdesaUKR0.0000.0000.0000.0008.0008.0008.193
122BursasporBursasporTUR0.0005.0001.5001.5001.0009.0006.840
123 Estoril PraiaEstoril PraiaPOR0.0000.0000.0000.0003.0003.00012.459
124Legia WarszawaLegia WarszawaPOL1.0000.0007.0001.5002.00011.5003.775
125FC VasluiFC VasluiROU1.5001.5005.0001.5001.3759.5005.451
126FK PartizanFK PartizanSRB2.0004.0001.5003.0001.50012.0002.825
127Aris Thessaloniki FCAris Thessaloniki FCGRE0.0008.0000.0000.0001.2208.0006.720
128 FC Kuban KrasnodarFC Kuban KrasnodarRUS0.0000.0000.0000.0005.0005.0009.399
129FC UtrechtFC UtrechtNED0.0005.0000.0000.0000.5005.5008.862
130Stade Rennais FCStade Rennais FCFRA0.0000.0003.0000.0001.7003.00011.300
131KAA GentKAA GentBEL1.0005.0000.0001.0001.2807.0007.260
132Wisła KrakówWisła KrakówPOL1.0001.0008.0000.0000.62510.0003.775
133FC Dinamo BucureştiFC Dinamo BucureştiROU4.0001.0001.5001.5001.3758.0005.451
134FeyenoordFeyenoordNED0.0001.5000.0001.5001.5004.5008.862
135 Esbjerg fBEsbjerg fBDEN0.0000.0000.0000.0009.0009.0004.260
136FC NordsjællandFC NordsjællandDEN0.0001.0001.5005.0001.5009.0004.260
137SK Sturm GrazSK Sturm GrazAUT3.0001.5002.0000.0000.5007.0006.185
138AS Saint-ÉtienneAS Saint-ÉtienneFRA0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.50011.300
138 OGC NiceOGC NiceFRA0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.50011.300
140FC Sochaux-MontbéliardFC Sochaux-MontbéliardFRA0.0000.0001.5000.0001.7001.50011.300
141EA GuingampEA GuingampFRA1.5000.0000.0000.0001.7001.50011.300
142FC Dinamo MoskvaFC Dinamo MoskvaRUS1.5000.0000.0001.5002.0833.0009.399
143 SV Zulte WaregemSV Zulte WaregemBEL0.0000.0000.0000.0005.0005.0007.260
144PFC Levski SofiaPFC Levski SofiaBUL2.0005.0001.0000.5000.2508.7503.125
145Odense BKOdense BKDEN1.5003.0003.0000.0000.7607.5004.260
146FC Metalurh DonetskFC Metalurh DonetskUKR1.5000.0000.0001.0001.0003.5008.193
147FC Vorskla PoltavaFC Vorskla PoltavaUKR1.5000.0002.0000.0001.5663.5008.193
148FC Karpaty LvivFC Karpaty LvivUKR0.0002.0001.5000.0001.5663.5008.193
149Rosenborg BKRosenborg BKNOR0.5002.0001.5004.0000.5008.5002.855
150IF ElfsborgIF ElfsborgSWE1.5001.5001.0001.0003.0008.0003.265
151FC TimişoaraFC TimişoaraROU4.0001.5000.0000.0001.3755.5005.451
152FC Alania VladikavkazFC Alania VladikavkazRUS0.0000.0001.5000.0002.0831.5009.399
153FC Sibir NovosibirskFC Sibir NovosibirskRUS0.0001.5000.0000.0002.0831.5009.399
154FC Amkar PermFC Amkar PermRUS1.5000.0000.0000.0002.0831.5009.399
155VitesseVitesseNED0.0000.0000.0001.0001.0002.0008.862
156 FC St GallenFC St GallenSUI0.0000.0000.0000.0004.0004.0006.645
157PFC Krylya Sovetov SamaraPFC Krylya Sovetov SamaraRUS1.0000.0000.0000.0002.0831.0009.399
158NAC BredaNAC BredaNED1.5000.0000.0000.0001.1831.5008.862
159Debreceni VSCDebreceni VSCHUN4.0002.0000.0001.5000.5008.0002.325
160MŠK ŽilinaMŠK ŽilinaSVK1.5004.0000.5001.0001.0008.0002.200
161AC OmoniaAC OmoniaCYP1.0001.5001.5001.0000.5005.5004.650
162FC ThunFC ThunSUI0.0000.0001.5000.0002.0003.5006.645
163HNK Hajduk SplitHNK Hajduk SplitCRO1.0002.0001.0001.0001.0006.0003.925
164ADO Den HaagADO Den HaagNED0.0000.0001.0000.0001.1831.0008.862
165Atromitos FCAtromitos FCGRE0.0000.0000.0001.5001.5003.0006.720
166SC Tavriya SimferopolSC Tavriya SimferopolUKR0.0001.5000.0000.0001.5661.5008.193
167Grasshopper Club ZürichGrasshopper Club ZürichSUI0.0001.5000.0000.0001.5003.0006.645
168FC SionFC SionSUI1.5000.0001.5000.0001.4403.0006.645
169FC Oţelul GalaţiFC Oţelul GalaţiROU0.0000.0004.0000.0001.3754.0005.451
170Bnei Yehuda Tel-Aviv FCBnei Yehuda Tel-Aviv FCISR1.5000.5001.0001.0001.1504.0005.375
171FK JablonecFK JablonecCZE0.0001.0001.0000.0001.5003.5005.870
172Molde FKMolde FKNOR0.0001.0000.0004.0001.5006.5002.855
173FK Crvena zvezdaFK Crvena zvezdaSRB1.5001.0001.5001.5001.0006.5002.825
174Anorthosis Famagusta FCAnorthosis Famagusta FCCYP0.5001.5001.0001.0000.5004.5004.650
175FC LuzernFC LuzernSUI0.0001.0000.0001.5001.4402.5006.645
176PFC CSKA SofiaPFC CSKA SofiaBUL2.0002.0001.5000.5001.1256.0003.125
177HNK RijekaHNK RijekaCRO1.0000.0000.0000.0004.0005.0003.925
178SK Slavia PrahaSK Slavia PrahaCZE3.0000.0000.0000.0001.6003.0005.870
179Helsingborgs IFHelsingborgs IFSWE1.0000.0001.5003.0000.6405.5003.265
180KSC Lokeren OVKSC Lokeren OVBEL0.0000.0000.0001.5001.2801.5007.260
181Asteras Tripolis FCAsteras Tripolis FCGRE0.0000.0000.0001.0001.0002.0006.720
182ŠK Slovan BratislavaŠK Slovan BratislavaSVK1.5001.5002.0000.5001.0006.5002.200
183SV RiedSV RiedAUT0.0000.0001.5001.0001.5602.5006.185
184Apollon Limassol FCApollon Limassol FCCYP0.0001.0000.0000.0003.0004.0004.650
185AEK Larnaca FCAEK Larnaca FCCYP0.0000.0004.0000.0000.5504.0004.650
186FC Lausanne-SportFC Lausanne-SportSUI0.0002.0000.0000.0001.4402.0006.645
187FC Rapid BucureştiFC Rapid BucureştiROU0.0000.0002.0001.0001.3753.0005.451
188Tromsø ILTromsø ILNOR1.5000.0000.5001.5002.0005.5002.855
189SivassporSivassporTUR1.5000.0000.0000.0001.3401.5006.840
190Motherwell FCMotherwell FCSCO1.0001.5000.0001.5001.0005.0003.313
191WKS Śląsk WrocławWKS Śląsk WrocławPOL0.0000.0001.5001.5001.5004.5003.775
192KVC WesterloKVC WesterloBEL0.0000.0001.0000.0001.2801.0007.260
193Brøndby IFBrøndby IFDEN1.5001.5001.0000.0000.7604.0004.260
194Cercle Brugge KSVCercle Brugge KSVBEL0.0001.0000.0000.0001.2801.0007.260
195FC Arsenal KyivFC Arsenal KyivUKR0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5660.0008.193
196FC AktobeFC AktobeKAZ1.5001.5001.0001.0001.5006.5001.650
197Videoton FCVideoton FCHUN0.0000.5001.0004.0000.2505.7502.325
198FK Mladá BoleslavFK Mladá BoleslavCZE0.0000.0001.0001.0001.6002.0005.870
199EskişehirsporEskişehirsporTUR0.0000.0000.0001.0001.3401.0006.840
200GaziantepsporGaziantepsporTUR0.0000.0001.0000.0001.3401.0006.840
201Heart of Midlothian FCHeart of Midlothian FCSCO1.5000.0001.5001.5000.6504.5003.313
202AIKAIKSWE0.0001.5000.0003.0000.6404.5003.265
203FK VentspilsFK VentspilsLVA3.0000.5001.0001.0001.0006.5001.250
204 Xanthi FCXanthi FCGRE0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0006.720
205Olympiacos Volou FCOlympiacos Volou FCGRE0.0000.0001.0000.0001.2201.0006.720
206 FC PaschingFC PaschingAUT0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.5006.185
207AEL Limassol FCAEL Limassol FCCYP0.0000.0000.0003.0000.5503.0004.650
208Servette FCServette FCSUI0.0000.0000.0001.0001.4401.0006.645
209PFC Litex LovechPFC Litex LovechBUL1.5001.5001.5000.0001.1254.5003.125
210Qarabağ FKQarabağ FKAZE1.5001.5001.0000.0001.5005.5002.075
211 CS Pandurii Târgu JiuCS Pandurii Târgu JiuROU0.0000.0000.0000.0002.0002.0005.451
212HJK HelsinkiHJK HelsinkiFIN0.5001.5001.5001.5001.0006.0001.435
213Hapoel Kiryat Shmona FCHapoel Kiryat Shmona FCISR0.0000.0000.0002.0001.1502.0005.375
214FK TepliceFK TepliceCZE1.5000.0000.0000.0001.6001.5005.870
214SK Sigma OlomoucSK Sigma OlomoucCZE1.5000.0000.0000.0001.6001.5005.870
216Randers FCRanders FCDEN1.0001.0000.0000.0001.0003.0004.260
217AE Larissa FCAE Larissa FCGRE0.5000.0000.0000.0001.2200.5006.720
218FC Admira Wacker MödlingFC Admira Wacker MödlingAUT0.0000.0000.0001.0001.5601.0006.185
219Neftçi PFKNeftçi PFKAZE0.0000.0001.0003.0001.0005.0002.075
220FK EkranasFK EkranasLTU1.0001.0001.5001.5001.0006.0001.050
221FC Dinamo TbilisiFC Dinamo TbilisiGEO1.0001.0001.5000.0001.5005.0001.975
222 FC Petrolul PloieştiFC Petrolul PloieştiROU0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.5005.451
222 FC Astra GiurgiuFC Astra GiurgiuROU0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.5005.451
224CS Gaz Metan MediaşCS Gaz Metan MediaşROU0.0000.0001.5000.0001.3751.5005.451
225Maccabi Netanya FCMaccabi Netanya FCISR1.0000.0000.0000.5001.1501.5005.375
226FC Baník OstravaFC Baník OstravaCZE0.0001.0000.0000.0001.6001.0005.870
227FK VojvodinaFK VojvodinaSRB1.0000.0000.5001.0001.5004.0002.825
228FC MidtjyllandFC MidtjyllandDEN0.0000.0001.0001.5000.7602.5004.260
229FC Dinamo MinskFC Dinamo MinskBLR0.5001.5000.0000.0001.0003.0003.725
230 Hapoel Ramat Gan FCHapoel Ramat Gan FCISR0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0005.375
231Aalesunds FKAalesunds FKNOR0.0001.0001.5001.0000.5203.5002.855
232Dundee United FCDundee United FCSCO0.0001.5000.5001.0000.6503.0003.313
233Malmö FFMalmö FFSWE0.0000.0002.0000.0001.0003.0003.265
234Kalmar FFKalmar FFSWE1.0001.0000.0001.0000.6403.0003.265
235FC ZestafoniFC ZestafoniGEO0.5001.0001.5001.0000.3754.0001.975
236NK Slaven KoprivnicaNK Slaven KoprivnicaCRO1.0000.0000.0001.0000.8752.0003.925
237FH HafnarfjördurFH HafnarfjördurISL1.0001.0000.5000.5001.5004.5001.350
238Ruch ChorzówRuch ChorzówPOL0.0001.0000.0001.0000.6252.0003.775
239IFK GöteborgIFK GöteborgSWE1.0001.0000.0000.0000.5002.5003.265
240AC HorsensAC HorsensDEN0.0000.0000.0001.5000.7601.5004.260
241FC MinskFC MinskBLR0.0000.0000.5000.0001.5002.0003.725
242FC GomelFC GomelBLR0.0000.0001.0001.0000.3502.0003.725
243APOP/Kinyras Peyias FCAPOP/Kinyras Peyias FCCYP1.0000.0000.0000.0000.5501.0004.650
244FK ŽeljezničarFK ŽeljezničarBIH0.0001.0001.0001.0001.0004.0001.500
245FK SarajevoFK SarajevoBIH1.5000.0001.0001.0000.5004.0001.500
246FC Shakhter KaragandyFC Shakhter KaragandyKAZ0.0000.2500.5001.0002.0003.7501.650
247KR ReykjavíkKR ReykjavíkISL1.0000.5001.0001.0000.5004.0001.350
248BK HäckenBK HäckenSWE0.0000.0001.0000.0001.0002.0003.265
249Aalborg BKAalborg BKDEN0.5000.0000.0000.0000.5001.0004.260
250FC Shakhtyor SoligorskFC Shakhtyor SoligorskBLR0.0000.0000.5000.5000.5001.5003.725
251FC Dnepr MogilevFC Dnepr MogilevBLR0.0001.5000.0000.0000.3501.5003.725
252FC Spartak TrnavaFC Spartak TrnavaSVK0.5000.0001.5001.0000.3253.0002.200
253Stabæk FotballStabæk FotballNOR1.5000.5000.0000.2500.5202.2502.855
254FC Dacia ChisinauFC Dacia ChisinauMDA0.5000.5001.0000.5000.5003.0002.075
255Shamrock Rovers FCShamrock Rovers FCIRL0.0001.0002.0001.0000.0504.0001.025
256Jagiellonia BiałystokJagiellonia BiałystokPOL0.0001.0000.2500.0000.6251.2503.775
257FC Dila GoriFC Dila GoriGEO0.0000.0000.0001.5001.5003.0001.975
258FC Differdange 03FC Differdange 03LUX0.5000.5001.5000.5001.0004.0000.975
259F91 DudelangeF91 DudelangeLUX1.0000.2501.0001.5000.2504.0000.975
260FC Metalurgi RustaviFC Metalurgi RustaviGEO0.5001.0001.0000.5000.3753.0001.975
261NK VaraždinNK VaraždinCRO0.0000.0001.0000.0000.8751.0003.925
261RNK SplitRNK SplitCRO0.0000.0001.0000.0000.8751.0003.925
263Strømsgodset IFStrømsgodset IFNOR0.0000.0001.0000.0001.0002.0002.855
264Vålerenga FotballVålerenga FotballNOR1.0000.0001.0000.0000.5202.0002.855
265The New Saints FCThe New Saints FCWAL0.2501.5000.5001.0001.0004.2500.600
266Győri ETO FCGyőri ETO FCHUN0.0001.5000.0000.0001.0002.5002.325
267St Johnstone FCSt Johnstone FCSCO0.0000.0000.0000.5001.0001.5003.313
268Hibernian FCHibernian FCSCO0.0001.0000.0000.0000.5001.5003.313
269Saint Patrick's Athletic FCSaint Patrick's Athletic FCIRL1.5000.0001.0001.0000.2503.7501.025
270KSP Polonia WarszawaKSP Polonia WarszawaPOL1.0000.0000.0000.0000.6251.0003.775
271Gefle IFGefle IFSWE0.0000.5000.0000.0001.0001.5003.265
272AGF AarhusAGF AarhusDEN0.0000.0000.0000.5000.7600.5004.260
273FC Naftan NovopolotskFC Naftan NovopolotskBLR0.5000.0000.0000.5000.3501.0003.725
274ND Mura 05ND Mura 05SVN0.0000.0000.0002.5000.5252.5002.200
275PFC Beroe Stara ZagoraPFC Beroe Stara ZagoraBUL0.0001.0000.0000.0000.5001.5003.125
276KF SkënderbeuKF SkënderbeuALB0.0000.0001.0001.0001.5003.5001.100
277FC Levadia TallinnFC Levadia TallinnEST1.5001.0000.5000.5000.5004.0000.575
278FK RabotnickiFK RabotnickiMKD1.0001.0001.5000.0000.1003.5001.050
279Linfield FCLinfield FCNIR0.2501.0001.0001.0000.5003.7500.725
280Valletta FCValletta FCMLT0.5000.5001.0001.0000.5003.5000.966
281NK Olimpija LjubljanaNK Olimpija LjubljanaSVN0.0000.2501.0000.5000.5002.2502.200
282 NK Lokomotiva ZagrebNK Lokomotiva ZagrebCRO0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5003.925
283NK OsijekNK OsijekCRO0.0000.0000.0000.5000.8750.5003.925
284HNK CibaliaHNK CibaliaCRO0.0000.5000.0000.0000.8750.5003.925
284HNK ŠibenikHNK ŠibenikCRO0.0000.5000.0000.0000.8750.5003.925
286İnter Bakı PİKİnter Bakı PİKAZE0.2501.0000.0000.5000.5002.2502.075
287FC PyunikFC PyunikARM1.0001.0001.0000.2500.5003.7500.575
288Budapest Honvéd FCBudapest Honvéd FCHUN1.0000.0000.0000.5000.5002.0002.325
289Bakı FKBakı FKAZE1.5000.5000.0000.2500.5002.2502.075
290Aberdeen FCAberdeen FCSCO1.0000.0000.0000.0000.6501.0003.313
291 GKS Piast GliwiceGKS Piast GliwicePOL0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5003.775
292NK Široki BrijegNK Široki BrijegBIH0.5000.5000.2500.5001.0002.7501.500
293FC Torpedo ZhodinoFC Torpedo ZhodinoBLR0.0000.5000.0000.0000.3500.5003.725
294FC Partizan MinskFC Partizan MinskBLR0.5000.0000.0000.0000.3500.5003.725
295FK SenicaFK SenicaSVK0.0000.0001.0000.5000.5002.0002.200
296FC Inter TurkuFC Inter TurkuFIN1.0001.0000.0000.5000.2502.7501.435
297 PFC Botev PlovdivPFC Botev PlovdivBUL0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0003.125
298PFC Lokomotiv SofiaPFC Lokomotiv SofiaBUL0.0000.0001.0000.0001.1251.0003.125
299PFC Cherno More VarnaPFC Cherno More VarnaBUL1.0000.0000.0000.0001.1251.0003.125
300Skonto FCSkonto FCLVA0.5000.2501.0000.5000.5002.7501.250
301HŠK ZrinjskiHŠK ZrinjskiBIH1.0001.0000.0000.0000.5002.5001.500
302SK Liepājas MetalurgsSK Liepājas MetalurgsLVA0.5001.0000.5000.5000.2502.7501.250
303FC Honka EspooFC Honka EspooFIN1.0000.5000.5000.0000.5002.5001.435
304Fredrikstad FKFredrikstad FKNOR1.0000.0000.0000.0000.5201.0002.855
305BreidablikBreidablikISL0.0000.5001.0000.0001.0002.5001.350
306FC Milsami OrheiFC Milsami OrheiMDA0.0000.0000.2500.5001.0001.7502.075
307Xäzär Länkäran FKXäzär Länkäran FKAZE0.0000.2500.5000.5000.5001.7502.075
308OFK BeogradOFK BeogradSRB0.0001.0000.0000.0000.5001.0002.825
308FK Spartak SuboticaFK Spartak SuboticaSRB0.0001.0000.0000.0000.5001.0002.825
310FK Sloboda UžiceFK Sloboda UžiceSRB1.0000.0000.0000.0000.5001.0002.825
311Falkirk FCFalkirk FCSCO0.5000.0000.0000.0000.6500.5003.313
312Sligo Rovers FCSligo Rovers FCIRL0.2500.0001.0000.5001.0002.7501.025
313Bohemian FCBohemian FCIRL1.0001.0000.5000.2500.0502.7501.025
314Örebro SKÖrebro SKSWE0.0000.0000.5000.0000.6400.5003.265
315Birkirkara FCBirkirkara FCMLT0.2501.0000.2500.2501.0002.7500.966
316FK Budućnost PodgoricaFK Budućnost PodgoricaMNE0.2501.0000.2501.0000.2502.5001.200
317FK MogrenFK MogrenMNE1.0000.5001.0000.0000.2502.5001.200
318MFK KošiceMFK KošiceSVK1.5000.0000.0000.0000.3251.5002.200
319FC VaduzFC VaduzLIE1.0000.5001.0000.0000.2502.7500.900
320PFC Lokomotiv PlovdivPFC Lokomotiv PlovdivBUL0.0000.0000.0000.5001.1250.5003.125
321KF TiranaKF TiranaALB1.0000.5000.5000.5000.4002.5001.100
322FK JagodinaFK JagodinaSRB0.0000.0000.0000.2500.5000.7502.825
323FC Flora TallinnFC Flora TallinnEST0.5000.2501.0001.0000.2503.0000.575
324FC Iskra-StalFC Iskra-StalMDA0.5000.5000.5000.0000.6751.5002.075
325FC WIT GeorgiaFC WIT GeorgiaGEO1.0000.5000.0000.0000.3751.5001.975
326FK Rudar PljevljaFK Rudar PljevljaMNE0.0001.0000.5000.2500.5002.2501.200
327FC KoperFC KoperSVN0.0001.0000.2500.0000.5251.2502.200
328EB/StreymurEB/StreymurFRO1.0000.2500.5000.2501.0003.0000.425
329FC Tobol KostanayFC Tobol KostanayKAZ0.5000.2501.0000.0000.6251.7501.650
330 HøddHøddNOR0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5002.855
331Bangor City FCBangor City FCWAL0.5001.0001.0000.2500.1502.7500.600
332Paksi FCPaksi FCHUN0.0000.0001.0000.0000.1751.0002.325
333FK RadFK RadSRB0.0000.0000.5000.0000.5000.5002.825
334FK SūduvaFK SūduvaLTU0.5000.5000.5000.5000.2502.2501.050
335FK Borac Banja LukaFK Borac Banja LukaBIH0.0000.5001.0000.2500.3001.7501.500
336Cliftonville FCCliftonville FCNIR0.0001.0000.2500.2501.0002.5000.725
337 AS TrenčínAS TrenčínSVK0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0002.200
338FK ZetaFK ZetaMNE0.0000.2500.2501.5000.2502.0001.200
339ND GoricaND GoricaSVN0.5000.5000.0000.0000.5251.0002.200
340NK IB LjubljanaNK IB LjubljanaSVN1.0000.0000.0000.0000.5251.0002.200
341HB TórshavnHB TórshavnFRO0.5001.0001.0000.0000.2502.7500.425
342FC Zimbru ChisinauFC Zimbru ChisinauMDA0.5000.0000.0000.5000.6751.0002.075
343FK Žalgiris VilniusFK Žalgiris VilniusLTU0.0000.0000.0000.5001.5002.0001.050
344FK VardarFK VardarMKD0.0000.0000.0001.0001.0002.0001.050
345KF RenovaKF RenovaMKD0.2501.0000.2500.5000.1002.0001.050
346NK DomžaleNK DomžaleSVN0.0000.0000.5000.0000.2500.7502.200
347KuPS KuopioKuPS KuopioFIN0.0000.0000.5001.0000.1001.5001.435
348Myllykosken Pallo -47Myllykosken Pallo -47FIN0.0001.0000.0000.5000.1001.5001.435
349FC Irtysh PavlodarFC Irtysh PavlodarKAZ0.2500.0000.5000.0000.5001.2501.650
350Nõmme Kalju FCNõmme Kalju FCEST0.2500.0000.2500.2501.5002.2500.575
351Kecskeméti TEKecskeméti TEHUN0.0000.0000.5000.0000.1750.5002.325
351Ferencvárosi TCFerencvárosi TCHUN0.0000.0000.5000.0000.1750.5002.325
353Újpest FCÚjpest FCHUN0.5000.0000.0000.0000.1750.5002.325
353Szombathelyi HaladásSzombathelyi HaladásHUN0.5000.0000.0000.0000.1750.5002.325
355FC Daugava DaugavpilsFC Daugava DaugavpilsLVA0.0000.0000.2500.2501.0001.5001.250
356AS Jeunesse EschAS Jeunesse EschLUX0.0001.0000.0000.2500.5001.7500.975
357Glentoran FCGlentoran FCNIR1.0000.2500.5000.0000.2502.0000.725
358NK CeljeNK CeljeSVN0.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.5002.200
359FK Dukla Banská BystricaFK Dukla Banská BystricaSVK0.0000.5000.0000.0000.3250.5002.200
360NK Rudar VelenjeNK Rudar VelenjeSVN0.5000.0000.0000.0000.5250.5002.200
361TPS TurkuTPS TurkuFIN0.0000.5000.5000.0000.2501.2501.435
362 FK KukësiFK KukësiALB0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.5001.100
363MTK BudapestMTK BudapestHUN0.0000.0000.0000.2500.1750.2502.325
364FC Zaria BaltiFC Zaria BaltiMDA0.0000.5000.0000.0000.6750.5002.075
365Zalaegerszegi TEZalaegerszegi TEHUN0.0000.2500.0000.0000.1750.2502.325
366FK Metalurg SkopjeFK Metalurg SkopjeMKD0.0000.2500.5000.5000.2501.5001.050
367Derry City FCDerry City FCIRL1.0000.0000.0000.0000.5001.5001.025
368FK Slavija SarajevoFK Slavija SarajevoBIH1.0000.0000.0000.0000.3001.0001.500
369 FC Chikhura SachkhereFC Chikhura SachkhereGEO0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5001.975
370FC Torpedo KutaisiFC Torpedo KutaisiGEO0.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.5001.975
371FC GagraFC GagraGEO0.0000.0000.5000.0000.3750.5001.975
372FK SutjeskaFK SutjeskaMNE0.2500.0000.0000.0001.0001.2501.200
373FC NitraFC NitraSVK0.0000.2500.0000.0000.3250.2502.200
374FC LahtiFC LahtiFIN1.0000.0000.0000.0000.1001.0001.435
375ÍBV VestmannaeyjarÍBV VestmannaeyjarISL0.0000.0000.2500.2500.5001.0001.350
376KS FlamurtariKS FlamurtariALB0.5000.0000.5000.2500.4001.2501.100
377FK Dinamo TiranaFK Dinamo TiranaALB0.2501.0000.0000.0000.4001.2501.100
378 FC TiraspolFC TiraspolMDA0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2502.075
379Olimpik-Şüvälan PFKOlimpik-Şüvälan PFKAZE0.0000.0000.2500.0000.5000.2502.075
380Simurq PFKSimurq PFKAZE0.2500.0000.0000.0000.5000.2502.075
381FK TeteksFK TeteksMKD0.0001.0000.0000.0000.2501.2501.050
382KF ShkëndijaKF ShkëndijaMKD0.0000.0001.0000.2500.1001.2501.050
383CS Fola EschCS Fola EschLUX0.0000.0000.2500.0001.0001.2500.975
384Crusaders FCCrusaders FCNIR0.5000.0000.5000.2500.2501.5000.725
385 FK Mladost PodgoricaFK Mladost PodgoricaMNE0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0001.200
386OFK PetrovacOFK PetrovacMNE1.0000.0000.0000.0000.2501.0001.200
387FC Santa ColomaFC Santa ColomaAND0.5000.5000.5000.2500.2502.0000.166
388UE Sant JuliàUE Sant JuliàAND1.0000.5000.5000.0000.0662.0000.166
389FC Ordabasy ShymkentFC Ordabasy ShymkentKAZ0.0000.0000.0000.5000.6250.5001.650
390FC AtyrauFC AtyrauKAZ0.0000.5000.0000.0000.6250.5001.650
391KF VllazniaKF VllazniaALB0.5000.0000.5000.0000.4001.0001.100
392FC ShirakFC ShirakARM0.0000.0000.0000.5001.0001.5000.575
393FC MikaFC MikaARM0.2500.5000.5000.0000.2501.5000.575
394Ulisses FC Ulisses FC ARM0.0000.2500.2501.0000.2251.5000.575
395FK TaurasFK TaurasLTU0.0000.5000.5000.0000.2501.0001.050
396FK VėtraFK VėtraLTU1.0000.0000.0000.0000.2501.0001.050
397FK MakedonijaFK MakedonijaMKD1.0000.0000.0000.0000.1001.0001.050
398Hibernians FCHibernians FCMLT0.5000.0000.0000.2500.2501.0000.966
399Sliema Wanderers FCSliema Wanderers FCMLT0.5000.2500.0000.0000.2501.0000.966
400FK Čelik NikšićFK Čelik NikšićMNE0.0000.0000.0000.5000.2500.7501.200
401SP Tre PenneSP Tre PenneSMR0.0000.5000.2500.5000.5001.7500.199
402JJK JyväskyläJJK JyväskyläFIN0.0000.0000.0000.5000.1000.5001.435
403 FC AstanaFC AstanaKAZ0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2501.650
404FC Zhetysu TaldykorganFC Zhetysu TaldykorganKAZ0.0000.0000.0000.2500.6250.2501.650
405FC Okzhetpes KokshetauFC Okzhetpes KokshetauKAZ0.2500.0000.0000.0000.6250.2501.650
406Thór AkureyriThór AkureyriISL0.0000.0000.0000.5000.5000.5001.350
407Llanelli AFCLlanelli AFCWAL0.2500.2500.5000.2500.1501.2500.600
408Fram ReykjavíkFram ReykjavíkISL0.5000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5001.350
409FC GandzasarFC GandzasarARM0.5000.0000.0000.5000.2501.2500.575
410JK Narva TransJK Narva TransEST0.2500.2500.2500.2500.2501.2500.575
411FC ŠiauliaiFC ŠiauliaiLTU0.0000.5000.0000.2500.2500.7501.050
412FK JelgavaFK JelgavaLVA0.0000.5000.0000.0000.3250.5001.250
413FC DinaburgFC DinaburgLVA0.5000.0000.0000.0000.3250.5001.250
414Portadown FCPortadown FCNIR0.0000.5000.0000.5000.1751.0000.725
415CS GrevenmacherCS GrevenmacherLUX0.2500.2500.0000.2500.3000.7500.975
416Floriana FCFloriana FCMLT0.0000.0000.5000.2500.1750.7500.966
417SP Tre FioriSP Tre FioriSMR0.5000.5000.5000.0000.0661.5000.199
418 IFK MariehamnIFK MariehamnFIN0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2501.435
419VíkingurVíkingurFRO0.0000.5000.0000.2500.5001.2500.425
420FC LusitansFC LusitansAND0.0000.2500.2500.5000.5001.5000.166
421KF TeutaKF TeutaALB0.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.5001.100
422KF LaçiKF LaçiALB0.0000.2500.0000.0000.2500.5001.100
423KS BesaKS BesaALB0.0000.5000.0000.0000.4000.5001.100
424FylkirFylkirISL0.0000.2500.0000.0000.5000.2501.350
425Rhyl FCRhyl FCWAL1.0000.0000.0000.0000.1501.0000.600
426KeflavíkKeflavíkISL0.2500.0000.0000.0000.5000.2501.350
427 FK TurnovoFK TurnovoMKD0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5001.050
428FBK KaunasFBK KaunasLTU0.5000.0000.0000.0000.2500.5001.050
429FK MilanoFK MilanoMKD0.5000.0000.0000.0000.1000.5001.050
430Sporting Fingal FCSporting Fingal FCIRL0.0000.5000.0000.0000.0500.5001.025
430Dundalk FCDundalk FCIRL0.0000.5000.0000.0000.0500.5001.025
432UN Käerjéng 97UN Käerjéng 97LUX0.2500.0000.2500.0000.3000.5000.975
433NSÍ RunavíkNSÍ RunavíkFRO0.2500.2500.2500.2500.1751.0000.425
434FC BanantsFC BanantsARM0.2500.2500.2500.0000.2250.7500.575
435 FK KruojaFK KruojaLTU0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2501.050
436FK BangaFK BangaLTU0.0000.0000.2500.0000.2500.2501.050
437Drogheda United FCDrogheda United FCIRL0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2501.025
438AC Juvenes/DoganaAC Juvenes/DoganaSMR0.5000.0000.5000.0000.0661.0000.199
439B36 TórshavnB36 TórshavnFRO0.2500.0000.0000.5000.1750.7500.425
440UE Santa ColomaUE Santa ColomaAND0.0000.2500.2500.2500.2501.0000.166
441USV Eschen/MaurenUSV Eschen/MaurenLIE0.0000.0000.0000.2500.2000.2500.900
442 Prestatyn Town FCPrestatyn Town FCWAL0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5000.600
443JK Sillamäe KalevJK Sillamäe KalevEST0.0000.5000.0000.0000.2000.5000.575
444Lisburn Distillery FCLisburn Distillery FCNIR0.2500.0000.0000.0000.1750.2500.725
445ÍF FuglafjørdurÍF FuglafjørdurFRO0.0000.0000.2500.0000.2500.5000.425
446 AUK Broughton FCAUK Broughton FCWAL0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.600
446 Bala Town FCBala Town FCWAL0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.600
448Cefn Druids AFCCefn Druids AFCWAL0.0000.0000.0000.2500.1500.2500.600
449Neath FCNeath FCWAL0.0000.0000.2500.0000.1500.2500.600
450Port Talbot Town FCPort Talbot Town FCWAL0.0000.2500.0000.0000.1500.2500.600
451SP La FioritaSP La FioritaSMR0.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.5000.199
451AC LibertasAC LibertasSMR0.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.5000.199
453SC FaetanoSC FaetanoSMR0.0000.2500.0000.0000.0660.2500.199
Last updated: 24/06/2014 13:20 CET

HOW TO READ THE RANKING

The season club coefficient rankings are based on the results of clubs competing in the current UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League season. The rankings, combined with those of the previous four seasons, determine the seeding for each club in all UEFA competition draws.

Coefficient calculation
Clubs' coefficients are determined EITHER the sum of all points won in the previous five years OR the association coefficient over the same period, WHICHEVER IS THE HIGHER (under a new system introduced for 2018/19 onwards).

For matches up to and including 2017/18

UEFA Champions League points system
First qualifying round elimination – 0.5 points
Second qualifying round elimination – 1 point
Group stage bonus participation – 4 points
Group stage win – 2 points
Group stage draw – 1 point
Round of 16 bonus participation – 4 points

Clubs are also awarded an additional point if they reach the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals or final.

NB Points are not awarded for elimination in the third qualifying round or play-offs, since those clubs move to the UEFA Europa League and are awarded points for participation in that competition.

UEFA Europa League points system
First qualifying round elimination – 0.25 points
Second qualifying round elimination – 0.5 points
Third qualifying round elimination – 1 point
Play-off elimination – 1.5 points
Group stage win – 2 points
Group stage draw – 1 point

Clubs are also guaranteed a minimum of two points if they reach the group stage and are awarded an additional point if they get to the quarter-finals, semi-finals or final.

*Penalty shoot-outs do not affect the calculation system.

For 2018/19 matches onwards

UEFA Champions League points system
Group stage participation – 4 points
Group stage win – 2 points
Group stage draw – 1 point
Round of 16 participation – 4 points

Clubs are awarded an additional point if they reach the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals or final.

N.B. Points are not awarded for elimination in the qualifying rounds or play-offs, since those clubs move to the UEFA Europa League and are awarded points for participation in that competition.

UEFA Europa League points system
Preliminary round elimination – 0.5 points
First qualifying round elimination – 1 point
Second qualifying round elimination – 1.5 points
Third qualifying round elimination – 2 points
Play-off elimination – 2.5 points
Group stage win – 2 points
Group stage draw – 1 point

Clubs are guaranteed a minimum of three points if they reach the group stage and are awarded an additional point if they get to the quarter-finals, semi-finals or final.

* Penalty shoot-outs do not affect the calculation system.