Date of birth: 31 August 1966
Playing career: PFC CSKA Sofia (twice), Valencia CF, Club Atlético de Madrid, SD Compostela, RC Celta de Vigo, PFC Lokomotiv Plovdiv 1936
Coaching career: PFC CSKA Sofia, PFC Litex Lovech, Bulgaria
• One of Bulgaria's greatest goalscorers, Penev began his career at CSKA in 1985, making his debut under his uncle Dimitar Penev. Formed a fearsome attacking trident with Hristo Stoichkov and Emil Kostadinov, and in his first spell with the Reds won two league titles, three domestic cups and was named Bulgarian player of the year in 1988.
• Moved to Valencia in autumn 1989 and in six years there registered 101 goals in 226 appearances. In summer 1995 he joined Atlético, lifting the double in his only season.
• Hung up his boots in 1999 and was elected president of CSKA, a position he held until early 2001 when he resumed playing for the capital team before moving on to Lokomotiv Plovdiv. He retired for good in 2002.
• Started coaching with CSKA in March 2009, succeeding his uncle and guiding the Army Men into the 2009/10 UEFA Europa League group stage. Left CSKA in January 2010 and that September took over at Litex, steering them to the championship in 2011. Stood down that October to lead the national side and in November 2013 extended his contract until the end of UEFA EURO 2016 qualifying.
• Missed Bulgaria's finest hour, their fourth-place finish at the 1994 FIFA World Cup, as he was recovering from testicular cancer. In total, scored 13 times in 62 internationals, appearing at EURO '96 and the 1998 World Cup.
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