Best result: Semi-finals (2008)
Coach: Fatih Terim
Leading scorers: all-time – Hakan Şükür (51); current – Arda Turan (14)
Most appearances: all-time – Rüştü Reçber (120); current – Emre Belözoğlu (91)
Association formed: 1923
Nickname: Ay-Yıldızlılar (The Crescent-Stars)
Where they play: Various
The pinnacle of Turkey's achievement came at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, where Şenol Güneş's side upset the odds to finish third. It was only their second World Cup appearance and they have not been back since. It took Turkey ten attempts to qualify for their first UEFA European Championship final tournament, and after losing all three matches at EURO '96 they reached the quarter-finals at UEFA EURO 2000 under Mustafa Denizli. They went one step further eight years later in Austria/ Switzerland, a dramatic penalty shoot-out win over Croatia putting Fatih Terim's team into the semi-finals, where they lost 3-2 to Germany.
Overall: P112 W42 D26 L44 F131 A158
Final tournament: P12 W3 D2 L7 F11 A18
Qualifying: P100 W39 D24 L37 F120 A140
Having not managed a win in their previous two qualifying campaigns, Turkey eventually reached a first finals at EURO '96, but Terim's men could not muster a point in England. They bettered that in 2000, battling through the group stage before a 2-0 quarter-final loss to Portugal. A play-off defeat by Latvia meant Güneş' Turkey missed UEFA EURO 2004 but with Terim back at the helm they starred at UEFA EURO 2008. Last-gasp victories over Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Croatia took them through to the semi-finals where they met their match in Germany.
Despite making a bright start to a tough Group A in qualifying for UEFA EURO 2012, losses in Germany and, more surprisingly, Azerbaijan put Guus Hiddink's side on the back foot. Turkey recovered to finish second ahead of Belgium but Croatia were too strong in the play-offs, a 3-0 first-leg win in Istanbul proving decisive.
Memorable EURO matches
20/06/2008: Turkey 1-1 Croatia (aet, 3-1 on pens), UEFA EURO 2008 quarter-finals
Semih Şentürk's 122nd-minute equaliser stopped Slaven Bilić in his tracks, Turkey winning the shoot-out.
11/06/2008: Switzerland 1-2 Turkey, UEFA EURO 2008 group stage
In a downpour, substitute Semih equalised before Arda Turan's 92nd-minute winner.
19/06/2000: Turkey 2-0 Belgium, UEFA EURO 2000 group stage
Two Hakan Şükür goals fired Turkey into the quarter-finals for the first time at the co-hosts' expense.
Did you know?
Having failed to qualify in their first nine UEFA European Championship campaigns, Turkey have reached three of the last five final tournaments.
*Last updated on 07/01/2014
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|The home team is listed first.||Last updated: 18/11/2014 11:22 CET|
|Referee: Carlos Velasco Carballo (ESP) – Stadium: Amsterdam ArenA, Amsterdam (NED)|
|Referee: Marcin Borski (POL) – Stadium: Şükrü Saracoğlu, Istanbul (TUR)|
|Referee: Howard Webb (ENG) – Stadium: Şükrü Saracoğlu, Istanbul (TUR)|
|Referee: Daniele Orsato (ITA) – Stadium: Ferenc Puskás, Budapest (HUN)|
|Referee: Nerijus Dunauskas (LTU) – Stadium: Estadi Comunal, Andorra la Vella (AND)|
|Referee: Milorad Mažić (SRB) – Stadium: Şükrü Saracoğlu, Istanbul (TUR)|
|Referee: Sven Bindels (LUX) – Stadium: Kadir Has, Kayseri (TUR)|
|Referee: Svein Oddvar Moen (NOR) – Stadium: Arena Națională, Bucharest (ROU)|
|Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (ITA) – Stadium: Lilleküla Stadium, Tallinn (EST)|
|Referee: Olegário Benquerença (POR) – Stadium: Şükrü Saracoğlu, Istanbul (TUR)|
|Referee: not available|
|Referee: Ivan Bebek (CRO) – Stadium: Laugardalsvöllur, Reykjavik (ISL)|
|Referee: Jonas Eriksson (SWE) – Stadium: Şükrü Saracoğlu, Istanbul (TUR)|
|Referee: Bobby Madden (SCO) – Stadium: Skonto Stadions, Riga (LVA)|
|Referee: not available|
|Referee: Aleksei Eskov (RUS) – Stadium: Ali Sami Yen Spor Kompleksi, Istanbul (TUR)|