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Turkey team profile

Published: Sunday 5 January 2014, 1.51CET
Since reaching a first final tournament at EURO '96, Turkey have gone from strength to strength, qualifying for another three EUROs and the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

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Published: Sunday 5 January 2014, 1.51CET

Turkey team profile

Since reaching a first final tournament at EURO '96, Turkey have gone from strength to strength, qualifying for another three EUROs and the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

Best result: Semi-finals (2008)
Coach: Fatih Terim
Leading scorers: all-time – Hakan Şükür (51); current – Burak Yılmaz (19)
Most appearances: all-time – Rüştü Reçber (120); current – Emre Belözoğlu (93)
Association formed: 1923
Nickname: Ay-Yıldızlılar (The Crescent-Stars)
Where they play: Various

The pinnacle of Turkey's achievement came at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, where Şenol Güneş's side upset the odds to finish third. It was only their second World Cup appearance and they have not been back since. It took Turkey ten attempts to qualify for their first UEFA European Championship final tournament, and after losing all three matches at EURO '96 they reached the quarter-finals at UEFA EURO 2000 under Mustafa Denizli. They went one step further eight years later in Austria/ Switzerland, a dramatic penalty shoot-out win over Croatia putting Fatih Terim's team into the semi-finals, where they lost 3-2 to Germany. After missing out in Poland/Ukraine, they returned to the finals at UEFA EURO 2016 by qualifying as the best third-placed side over the nine preliminary sections.

EURO pedigree
Matches played

Overall: P122 W47 D29 L46 F145 A167
Final tournament: P12 W3 D2 L7 F11 A18
Qualifying: P110 W44 D27 L39 F134 A149

Having not managed a win in their previous two qualifying campaigns, Turkey eventually reached a first finals at EURO '96, but Terim's men could not muster a point in England. They bettered that in 2000, battling through the group stage before a 2-0 quarter-final loss to Portugal. A play-off defeat by Latvia meant Güneş' Turkey missed UEFA EURO 2004 but with Terim back at the helm they starred at UEFA EURO 2008. Last-gasp victories over Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Croatia took them through to the semi-finals, where they finally met their match in Germany.

Despite making a bright start to a tough Group A in qualifying for UEFA EURO 2012, losses in Germany and, more surprisingly, Azerbaijan put Guus Hiddink's side on the back foot. Turkey recovered to finish second ahead of Belgium but Croatia were too strong in the play-offs, a 3-0 first-leg win in Istanbul proving decisive.

Memorable EURO matches
20/06/2008: Turkey 1-1 Croatia (aet, 3-1 on pens), UEFA EURO 2008 quarter-finals

Semih Şentürk's 122nd-minute equaliser stopped Slaven Bilić in his tracks, Turkey winning the shoot-out.

11/06/2008: Switzerland 1-2 Turkey, UEFA EURO 2008 group stage
In a downpour, substitute Semih equalised before Arda Turan's 92nd-minute winner.

19/06/2000: Turkey 2-0 Belgium, UEFA EURO 2000 group stage
Two Hakan Şükür goals fired Turkey into the quarter-finals for the first time at the co-hosts' expense.

Did you know?
Having failed to qualify in their first nine UEFA European Championship campaigns, Turkey have reached four of the last six final tournaments.

*Last updated on 18/11/2015

Last updated: 18/04/16 9.48CET

Related information

Team profiles


Match log

The home team is listed first.Last updated: 22/05/2016 20:11 CET
3 September 2014 03 Sep - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: Milorad Mažić (SRB)
12/17/2015 16:09:10
9 September 2014 09 Sep - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Referee: Ivan Bebek (CRO) Stadium: Laugardalsvöllur, Reykjavik (ISL)
04/11/2016 10:54:30
10 October 2014 10 Oct - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Turkey1-2Czech Republic
Referee: Jonas Eriksson (SWE) Stadium: Şükrü Saracoğlu, Istanbul (TUR)
05/16/2016 13:21:13
13 October 2014 13 Oct - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Referee: Bobby Madden (SCO) Stadium: Skonto Stadions, Riga (LVA)
01/08/2016 08:06:15
12 November 2014 12 Nov - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: Ravshan Irmatov (UZB)
12/17/2015 15:59:58
16 November 2014 16 Nov - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Referee: Aleksei Eskov (RUS) Stadium: Ali Sami Yen Spor Kompleksi, Istanbul (TUR)
05/16/2016 13:21:13
28 March 2015 28 Mar - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Referee: Felix Brych (GER) Stadium: Amsterdam ArenA, Amsterdam (NED)
02/01/2016 10:23:17
31 March 2015 31 Mar - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: not available
11/19/2015 12:53:12
8 June 2015 08 Jun - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: not available
11/19/2015 13:07:26
12 June 2015 12 Jun - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Referee: Michael Oliver (ENG) Stadium: Almaty Ortalyk Stadion, Almaty (KAZ)
03/29/2016 09:58:59
3 September 2015 03 Sep - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Referee: Stefan Johannesson (SWE) Stadium: Konya Büyükşehir Belediyesi Stadyumu, Konya (TUR)
05/16/2016 13:21:42
6 September 2015 06 Sep - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Referee: Antonio Mateu Lahoz (ESP) Stadium: Konya Büyükşehir Belediyesi Stadyumu, Konya (TUR)
05/16/2016 13:21:42
10 October 2015 10 Oct - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Czech Republic0-2Turkey
Referee: Martin Atkinson (ENG) Stadium: Stadion Letná, Prague (CZE)
01/08/2016 08:06:26
13 October 2015 13 Oct - UEFA EURO, Qualifying round (Group A)
Referee: Gianluca Rocchi (ITA) Stadium: Konya Büyükşehir Belediyesi Stadyumu, Konya (TUR)
05/16/2016 13:21:42
13 November 2015 13 Nov - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: not available
12/29/2015 11:26:20
17 November 2015 17 Nov - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: Paolo Valeri (ITA)
12/29/2015 10:09:42
24 March 2016 24 Mar - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: Danny Makkelie (NED) Stadium: Antalya Stadyumu, Antalya (TUR)
05/16/2016 13:20:22
29 March 2016 29 Mar - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: Pawel Gil (POL) Stadium: Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna (AUT)
05/19/2016 16:08:51
22 May 2016 22 May - Friendlies 2014-16 (Group A)
Referee: Deniz Aytekin (GER) Stadium: City of Manchester Stadium, Manchester (ENG)
29 May 2016 29 May - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: TBD Stadium: Antalya Stadyumu, Antalya (TUR)
05/17/2016 09:33:20
5 June 2016 05 Jun - Friendlies 2014-16
Referee: TBD Stadium: Stadion Stožice, Ljubljana (SVN)
05/11/2016 10:18:26
Referee: TBD Stadium: Parc des Princes, Paris (FRA)
05/24/2016 10:27:26
Referee: TBD Stadium: Stade de Nice, Nice (FRA)
05/23/2016 14:28:42
Czech RepublicTurkey
Referee: TBD Stadium: Stade Bollaert-Delelis, Lens Agglo (FRA)
05/23/2016 14:33:38
5 September 2016 05 Sep - FIFA World Cup, Qualifying round (Group I)
Referee: TBD Stadium: Stadion Maksimir, Zagreb (CRO)
05/09/2016 14:47:41
Referee: TBD
07/26/2015 14:48:02
9 October 2016 09 Oct - FIFA World Cup, Qualifying round (Group I)
Referee: TBD Stadium: Laugardalsvöllur, Reykjavik (ISL)
04/27/2016 13:12:36
Referee: TBD
07/26/2015 16:51:17
Referee: TBD
07/26/2015 21:42:33
Referee: TBD
07/26/2015 22:40:19
Referee: TBD
07/26/2015 21:56:33
Referee: TBD
07/26/2015 20:27:48

General info

  • Founded : 1923
  • Currently playing : European Championship 2014/2016, World Cup 2016/2018

Team record in UEFA competitions

  • Biggest win:
    11/10/2006, Turkey 5-0 Moldova, Frankfurt am Main
    16/10/2002, Turkey 5-0 Liechtenstein, Istanbul
    12/10/1994, Turkey 5-0 Iceland, Istanbul
  • Biggest defeat:
    14/10/1987, England 8-0 Turkey, London
  • Appearances in UEFA European Football Championship: 15
  • Player with most appearances: 38
    Hakan Şükür (TUR)
    Rüştü Reçber (TUR)
  • Top scorers: 22
    Hakan Şükür (TUR)