Real Madrid CF's five-year European Cup reign ended as SL Benfica defeat FC Barcelona in a dramatic final in Berne.
• Omar Sívori of Juventus wins the Ballon d'Or ahead of Luis Suárez and Johnny Haynes.
• Gary Player becomes the first international golfer to win the Masters at Augusta National.
• Yuri Gagarin boards the Vostok 1 to become the first human to travel into space and to orbit the Earth.
• The border between east and west Berlin is closed and construction of the Berlin Wall begins.