Galatasaray AŞ host Real Madrid CF in the second leg of their UEFA Champions League quarter-final needing a remarkable revival to stay in the competition.
• Having lost the first leg 3-0, with Cristiano Ronaldo, Karim Benzema and Gonzalo Higuaín all on target, Fatih Terim's hosts have it all to do to reach their first European Cup semi-final in 24 years. For nine-time winners Madrid, meanwhile, a 24th semi-final appearance is within reach.
• The clubs' three previous encounters before this season all took place in 2000/01, starting with Galatasaray's 2-1 triumph in the UEFA Super Cup in Monaco. Although Raúl González's 79th-minute penalty cancelled out an earlier Mário Jardel (41) spot kick, Jardel's second goal on 103 minutes secured Galatasaray a second European honour three months after their UEFA Cup triumph – a first for a Turkish team.
• A Galatasaray side coached by Mircea Lucescu made life awkward for Madrid in the UEFA Champions League quarter-finals later that season, coming from two goals down to win the first leg 3-2 in Istanbul. Iván Helguera (33) and Claude Makelele (43) put Madrid ahead but Galatasaray responded through Ümit Davala's penalty (47), Hasan Şaş (66) and Jardel (75).
• The lineups for that encounter at the Ali Sami Yen Stadium on 3 April 2001 were:
Galatasaray: Taffarel, Capone (Fatih Akyel 46), Popescu, Bülent Korkmaz, Ergün Penbe, Okan Buruk, Ümit Davala, Suat Kaya (Akin Bülent 46), Hagi, Hasan Şaş, Jardel.
Madrid: Casillas, Salgado, Hierro, Karanka, Roberto Carlos, McManaman (Solari 89), Helguera, Makelele (Celades 62), Figo, Raúl, Morientes (Guti 69).
• Vicente del Bosque's Madrid shrugged off that loss with a 3-0 win back in the Spanish capital as Raúl (15, 37) and Helguera (28) took the defending champions through to a semi-final they would lose against FC Bayern München.
• Iker Casillas and Aitor Karanka, now Madrid's assistant coach, are the only survivors of those games 12 years ago.
• Madrid won 2-1 at Manchester United FC in the round of 16 and have scored in all 16 UEFA Champions League away fixtures during José Mourinho's reign, losing just two of them.
• Galatasaray have won just once at home in this season's UEFA Champions League but have suffered only two reverses in their last 13 European fixtures in Istanbul.
• Galatasaray are competing at this stage for the first time since their 2001 quarter-final against Madrid and are looking to reach only their second European Cup semi-final; their first came under Mustafa Denizli in 1988/89, when they fell to FC Steaua Bucureşti. Their record in quarter-final ties is W1 L3.
• Galatasaray have not won at home to Spanish opposition in five attempts since that April 2001 first-leg victory against Madrid. Their most recent home fixture with Liga visitors came in the 2009/10 UEFA Cup round of 32, when a last-minute Diego Forlán goal for Club Atlético de Madrid condemned them to a 2-1 reverse and a 3-2 aggregate defeat.
• Overall, Galatasaray's home record against teams from Spain is W5 D2 L5.
• Madrid are aiming for a 24th semi-final appearance and no other club has competed in as many quarter-finals – this is their 30th and they have won all but six.
• Mourinho has a 100% record in UEFA Champions League quarter-finals, having won at this stage with FC Porto (2004), Chelsea FC (2005, 2007), FC Internazionale Milano (2010) and his present club in 2011 and 2012.
• Besides their aforementioned encounters with Galatasaray, Madrid's only other experience of Turkish opposition came in the 1958/59 European Champion Clubs' Cup first round, when they overcame Beşiktaş JK 2-0 at home before a 1-1 draw in Istanbul.
• Galatasaray have lost away in the first leg in European competition on 19 occasions and only five times did they recover to win the tie. They have been beaten 3-0 away twice; a 2-0 home win against PSV Eindhoven in the 1987/88 European Champion Clubs' Cup first round was not enough, but in the second round of the same competition the following season, they pulled off a comeback against Neuchâtel Xamax FC with a 5-0 home success.
• Madrid have gone through in 41 of 54 ties after winning the first leg at home, including all seven when they initially triumphed 3-0. The largest first-leg advantage they have let slip is two goals, which has happened seven times.
• The last time Madrid lost by three goals or more in UEFA competition was a 4-0 defeat at Liverpool FC in the second leg of their 2008/09 UEFA Champions League round of 16 duel. Only ten times in their European history have they lost by a scoreline that would either take this tie into extra time or send Galatasaray through.
• Galatasaray's shoot-out record in UEFA competition is:
4-1 v Arsenal FC, 1999/2000 UEFA Cup final
• Madrid's shoot-out record in UEFA competition is:
1-3 v FC Bayern München, 2011/12 UEFA Champions League semi-finals
3-1 v Juventus, 1986/87 European Cup second round
5-6 v FK Crvena zvezda, 1974/75 European Cup Winners' Cup quarter-finals
• Mourinho worked with Didier Drogba at Chelsea from 2004 to 2007 and together they won Premier League titles in 2004/05 and 2005/06. Drogba also played alongside Ricardo Carvalho and Michael Essien at Stamford Bridge.
• Mourinho's only past encounter with a Turkish team came when his Porto side overcame Denizlispor in the fourth round of their triumphant 2002/03 UEFA Cup campaign, winning 6-1 at home before a 2-2 away draw.
• Terim's record as a coach against Spanish clubs is W3 D2 L5. As Turkey boss, his team succumbed 1-0 to Spain at the Bernabéu in a FIFA World Cup qualifying match on 28 March 2009. Hakan Balta and substitute Sabri Sarıoğlu featured for the visitors against a Spain side including Casillas, Raúl Albiol, Sergio Ramos and Xabi Alonso.
• Four days later, on 1 April 2009, Terim's side lost out to Spain again. After trailing to Semih Şentürk's first-half effort at the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, Spain replied through Alonso's 63rd-minute penalty and an added-time winner by Albert Riera, now a Galatasaray player.
• Terim took Turkey to the UEFA EURO 2008 semi-finals but only after an opening 2-0 defeat by a Portugal side featuring Carvalho, Cristiano Ronaldo and Pepe, scorer of the first goal. Pepe also registered an own goal when Portugal lost a home friendly 3-1 to Turkey in June 2012, Umut Bulut twice finding the net.
• Wesley Sneijder spent 2007/08 and 2008/09 at Madrid, scoring 11 goals in 52 Liga appearances. He also won the 2010 UEFA Champions League final at the Bernabéu with Mourinho's Inter. Sneijder was in the Netherlands team beaten 1-0 by the Spain of Casillas, Xabi Alonso and Sergio Ramos in the 2010 World Cup final.
• Hamit Altıntop made five Liga outings for Madrid last season, scoring once.
• Mesut Özil played with Hamit at Madrid and also at Schalke in 2006/07. Özil has Turkish parents but scored in Germany's 3-0 win against a Turkey side including Hamit in a UEFA EURO 2012 qualifier that featured Sami Khedira.
• Riera faced Madrid seven times in Spanish football with RCD Mallorca and RCD Espanyol, scoring twice and achieving a creditable record of W3 D2 L2. As a Liverpool player, he was a team-mate of Álvaro Arbeloa and Alonso, and featured in a 1-0 win at the Bernabéu in the 2008/09 UEFA Champions League round of 16.
• Cris went seven UEFA Champions League matches unbeaten against Madrid as an Olympique Lyonnais player – including a last-16 success in 2009/10 – before a 3-0 away loss in the 2010/11 round of 16.
• Felipe Melo spent four seasons in Spain from 2004 to 2008, playing for Mallorca, Real Racing Club and UD Almería. He scored for Racing in a 2-1 Liga victory away to Madrid in December 2005.
• Emmanuel Eboué helped Arsenal FC defeat Madrid in the 2005/06 UEFA Champions League last 16.
• Johan Elmander scored past Casillas when Sweden beat Spain 2-0 in a UEFA EURO 2008 qualifier in October 2006.
• A Benzema penalty earned France a 1-0 home friendly win against Turkey in June 2009.
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