Since reaching a first final tournament at EURO '96, Turkey have gone from strength to strength, qualifying for another three EUROs and the 2002 FIFA World Cup.
Best result: Semi-finals (2008)
Coach: Fatih Terim
Leading scorers: all-time – Hakan Şükür (51); current – Burak Yılmaz (19)
Most appearances: all-time – Rüştü Reçber (120); current – Emre Belözoğlu (93)
Association formed: 1923
Nickname: Ay-Yıldızlılar (The Crescent-Stars)
Where they play: Various
The pinnacle of Turkey's achievement came at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, where Şenol Güneş's side upset the odds to finish third. It was only their second World Cup appearance and they have not been back since. It took Turkey ten attempts to qualify for their first UEFA European Championship final tournament, and after losing all three matches at EURO '96 they reached the quarter-finals at UEFA EURO 2000 under Mustafa Denizli. They went one step further eight years later in Austria/ Switzerland, a dramatic penalty shoot-out win over Croatia putting Fatih Terim's team into the semi-finals, where they lost 3-2 to Germany. After missing out in Poland/Ukraine, they returned to the finals at UEFA EURO 2016 by qualifying as the best third-placed side over the nine preliminary sections.
Overall: P122 W47 D29 L46 F145 A167
Final tournament: P12 W3 D2 L7 F11 A18
Qualifying: P110 W44 D27 L39 F134 A149
Having not managed a win in their previous two qualifying campaigns, Turkey eventually reached a first finals at EURO '96, but Terim's men could not muster a point in England. They bettered that in 2000, battling through the group stage before a 2-0 quarter-final loss to Portugal. A play-off defeat by Latvia meant Güneş' Turkey missed UEFA EURO 2004 but with Terim back at the helm they starred at UEFA EURO 2008. Last-gasp victories over Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Croatia took them through to the semi-finals, where they finally met their match in Germany.
Despite making a bright start to a tough Group A in qualifying for UEFA EURO 2012, losses in Germany and, more surprisingly, Azerbaijan put Guus Hiddink's side on the back foot. Turkey recovered to finish second ahead of Belgium but Croatia were too strong in the play-offs, a 3-0 first-leg win in Istanbul proving decisive.
Memorable EURO matches
20/06/2008: Turkey 1-1 Croatia (aet, 3-1 on pens), UEFA EURO 2008 quarter-finals
Semih Şentürk's 122nd-minute equaliser stopped Slaven Bilić in his tracks, Turkey winning the shoot-out.
11/06/2008: Switzerland 1-2 Turkey, UEFA EURO 2008 group stage
In a downpour, substitute Semih equalised before Arda Turan's 92nd-minute winner.
19/06/2000: Turkey 2-0 Belgium, UEFA EURO 2000 group stage
Two Hakan Şükür goals fired Turkey into the quarter-finals for the first time at the co-hosts' expense.
Did you know?
Having failed to qualify in their first nine UEFA European Championship campaigns, Turkey have reached four of the last six final tournaments.
*Last updated on 18/11/2015