The most successful and arguably most supported side in Italy, Juventus have reached the European Cup final seven times but only landed the trophy twice. Alongside AFC Ajax, FC Bayern München and Chelsea FC, the Bianconeri are also among the select few to have won all three of UEFA's main club competitions, including the 1984 European Cup Winners' Cup and three UEFA Cups.
Having lifted the Scudetto 30 times and the Coppa Italia nine after being founded in 1897 by students from the Massimo D'Azeglio School, Juventus are synonymous with several periods of dominance in Italy, starting from 1930 during the famous 'Quinquennio d'oro' – or golden quinquennium – when they were champions for five seasons running. Trophies were also delivered by their 1950s team starring Giampiero Boniperti, Juve's all-time top scorer until a later legend Alessandro Del Piero surpassed him in 2006.
However, the Old Lady had to wait until 1977 for their first European trophy when an all-Italian outfit defeated Athletic Club in the UEFA Cup final. They then needed some help from France to secure their first European Champion Clubs' Cup as a side led by current UEFA President Michel Platini claimed the trophy in 1985 during an era which also brought the Cup Winners' Cup, European/South American Cup and UEFA Super Cup among other prizes.
The Bianconeri were continental champions again in 1996, beating Ajax on penalties in Rome, and got to three more finals under Marcello Lippi, losing them all. After a difficult spell, they are back on top in Italy under former midfielder Antonio Conte and are also playing their home games in the beautiful Juventus Stadium, the bold modern arena on the old Delle Alpi site. "This team has always been a marvellous painting; now it has the marvellous frame it deserves," said Del Piero at the stadium's inauguration in 2011.
Yet Juventus are not the only team in Turin. Formed in 1906 by a group of Bianconeri dissidents, Torino FC have won the Scudetto seven times and the Coppa Italia five. It could have been more without the Superga tragedy of 4 May 1949, when the entire team known as 'Grande Torino' were killed in a plane crash.
That Granata side, featuring one of Italian football's greatest players in Valentino Mazzola, had picked up five league titles between 1942 and 1949. Torino would be Serie A champions once more in 1976 after an exciting duel with their city rivals, and reached the 1992 UEFA Cup final only to lose to Ajax on away goals.
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