Nickname: Tukkers (slang for people from the Enschede region)
UEFA club competition honours (runners-up in brackets)
• UEFA Cup: (1975)
Domestic honours (most recent triumph in brackets)
• League title: 1 (2010)
• Dutch Cup: 3 (2011)
• Twente were founded in 1965 as a marriage of convenience. With financial footings dwindling and city intervention pressing, rivals SV Enschedese Boys and 1926 champions SC Enschede negotiated into the night on 13 April, emerging bleary-eyed to announce the birth of a new club: FC Twente '65. They adopted SC Enschede's Eredivisie spot but it was otherwise a fresh start, the Greens and Blacks becoming the Reds.
• Twente were soon competitive. Blessed with the likes of Epi Drost, Jan Jeuring, Theo Pahlplatz and Willy and René van de Kerkhof, Kees Rijvers guided the side to third place in 1968/69. They repeated the feat in 1972 and came within a whisker of the title two years later, losing 3-2 at Feyenoord in a last-day decider. By then Spitz Kohn was at the helm, Rijvers having left for PSV Eindhoven, taking the Van de Kerkhof twins with him.
• For so long also-rans Twente, whose horse emblem is a regional symbol, became thoroughbreds. They reached the UEFA Cup semi-finals in 1973 and went one better two years later, VfL Borussia Mönchengladbach ending their hopes of silverware both times. Yet a side including Frans Thijssenand and Arnold Mühren did not have to wait long, and in 1977 Twente defeated PEC Zwolle in the Dutch Cup final.
• RSC Anderlecht were too strong for Twente in the last four of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup the following season and, 12 months later, AFC Ajax held them off in the Dutch Cup final. Yet by 1983 the Enschede outfit were in the second tier – albeit a brief sojourn – as the negative spiral of selling the best players to paper over financial cracks became untenable.
• A 1998 move to Arke Stadion – replacing Diekman Stadion – provided a new dawn and three seasons later Fred Rutten guided them to a second Dutch Cup. Declared bankrupt, the arrival of Joop Munsterman as chairman in 2004 revived them, and five years later Twente finished Eredivisie runners-up under former England manager Steve McClaren. Their first title followed in 2009/10 and with it a debut UEFA Champions League group campaign the next season.
Most appearances: Sander Boschker (640)*
Most goals: Jan Jeuring (137)
Record victory: 9-0 on two occasions, most recently at SV Urk (Dutch Cup, 24 August 1999)
Record defeat: 8-1 at AFC Ajax on two occasions (Eredivisie, 9 June 1979 and Eredivisie, 1 December 1985)
* Last updated on 1 June 2011