Country
10/1111/1212/1313/1414/15Tot
PtsPtsPtsPtsPtsPtsNA
1Real Madrid CFReal Madrid CFESP30.00032.00026.00035.00029.000152.00019.999
2FC BarcelonaFC BarcelonaESP33.00030.00024.00024.00034.000145.00019.999
3FC Bayern MünchenFC Bayern MünchenGER21.00030.00033.00027.00028.000139.00015.883
4Chelsea FCChelsea FCENG23.00030.00027.00025.00021.000126.00016.078
5Club Atlético de MadridClub Atlético de MadridESP6.00030.00010.00033.00022.000101.00019.999
6SL BenficaSL BenficaPOR22.00021.00026.00029.0008.000106.00012.276
7FC Schalke 04FC Schalke 04GER27.00017.00019.00016.00017.00096.00015.883
8FC PortoFC PortoPOR28.00010.00020.00016.00025.00099.00012.276
9Arsenal FCArsenal FCENG19.00019.00018.00018.00020.00094.00016.078
10Manchester United FCManchester United FCENG33.00013.00018.00023.0002.71487.00016.078
11Paris Saint-GermainParis Saint-GermainFRA12.0007.00025.00025.00021.00090.00010.483
12Valencia CFValencia CFESP18.00021.00019.00022.0004.04280.00019.999
13Borussia DortmundBorussia DortmundGER7.0007.00030.00022.00018.00084.00015.883
14JuventusJuventusITA6.0000.00023.00023.00029.00081.00014.102
15FC ZenitFC ZenitRUS16.00018.00013.00016.00017.00080.00010.099
16Bayer 04 LeverkusenBayer 04 LeverkusenGER13.00016.0009.00016.00018.00072.00015.883
17Manchester City FCManchester City FCENG13.00017.0007.00019.00015.00071.00016.078
18FC Shakhtar DonetskFC Shakhtar DonetskUKR24.0008.00017.00011.00017.00077.0009.033
19FC Basel 1893FC Basel 1893SUI9.00019.00016.00019.00015.00078.0006.875
20SSC NapoliSSC NapoliITA7.00019.0006.00016.00022.00070.00014.102
21Tottenham Hotspur FCTottenham Hotspur FCENG21.0007.00016.00015.0009.00068.00016.078
22AC MilanAC MilanITA16.00020.00017.00016.0003.80069.00014.102
23Sevilla FCSevilla FCESP9.0001.5000.00022.00028.00060.50019.999
24FC Internazionale MilanoFC Internazionale MilanoITA19.00018.00014.0000.00012.00063.00014.102
25Olympique LyonnaisOlympique LyonnaisFRA17.00017.00012.00015.0001.50062.50010.483
26AFC AjaxAFC AjaxNED13.00012.0009.00010.00014.00058.0008.195
27FC Dynamo KyivFC Dynamo KyivUKR17.0006.0009.0008.00016.00056.0009.033
28Olympiacos FCOlympiacos FCGRE1.00016.00010.00018.00011.00056.0006.380
29Villarreal CFVillarreal CFESP23.0004.0000.0000.00012.00039.00019.999
30PSV EindhovenPSV EindhovenNED18.00016.0005.0005.0006.00050.0008.195
31FC RubinFC RubinRUS10.0008.00018.00011.0001.93347.00010.099
32Athletic ClubAthletic ClubESP0.00023.0004.0000.00010.00037.00019.999
33Sporting Clube de PortugalSporting Clube de PortugalPOR10.00020.0004.0000.00010.00044.00012.276
34PFC CSKA MoskvaPFC CSKA MoskvaRUS14.00016.0001.5006.0008.00045.50010.099
35Olympique de MarseilleOlympique de MarseilleFRA18.00019.0004.0004.0002.18345.00010.483
36FC Dnipro DnipropetrovskFC Dnipro DnipropetrovskUKR1.5001.50011.00010.00019.00043.0009.033
37SC BragaSC BragaPOR22.00010.0006.0001.5001.81639.50012.276
38Galatasaray AŞGalatasaray AŞTUR1.5000.00022.00015.0005.00043.5006.520
39ACF FiorentinaACF FiorentinaITA0.0000.0000.00015.00020.00035.00014.102
40SS LazioSS LazioITA0.0007.00018.00010.0003.80035.00014.102
41RSC AnderlechtRSC AnderlechtBEL5.00012.0008.0005.00010.00040.0007.440
42Liverpool FCLiverpool FCENG12.0000.0009.0000.00010.00031.00016.078
43FC Metalist KharkivFC Metalist KharkivUKR8.00018.00010.0000.0002.00038.0009.033
44AZ AlkmaarAZ AlkmaarNED5.00016.0001.50016.0001.21638.5008.195
45FC TwenteFC TwenteNED15.00015.0004.0000.0001.50035.5008.195
46AS RomaAS RomaITA16.0001.5000.0000.00012.00029.50014.102
47FC SalzburgFC SalzburgAUT2.0007.0001.00017.00011.00038.0005.135
48Málaga CFMálaga CFESP0.0000.00022.0000.0004.04222.00019.999
49Hannover 96Hannover 96GER0.00016.00010.0000.0003.17126.00015.883
50FC Viktoria PlzeňFC Viktoria PlzeňCZE1.0009.00014.00011.0001.00036.0005.825
51Club BruggeClub BruggeBEL3.0008.0003.0001.00019.00034.0007.440
52FC KøbenhavnFC KøbenhavnDEN17.0004.0006.0007.0003.00037.0003.960
53PAOK FCPAOK FCGRE9.00010.0001.5009.0005.00034.5006.380
54FCSBFCSBROU5.0006.00012.0007.0005.00035.0005.259
55Celtic FCCeltic FCSCO1.5005.00016.0006.0007.00035.5003.580
56FC Spartak MoskvaFC Spartak MoskvaRUS18.0001.5006.0001.5001.93327.00010.099
57KRC GenkKRC GenkBEL1.5007.00010.00011.0001.92029.5007.440
58Beşiktaş JKBeşiktaş JKTUR9.00010.0000.0000.00011.00030.0006.520
59Trabzonspor AŞTrabzonspor AŞTUR1.50010.0001.50010.0007.00030.0006.520
60LOSC LilleLOSC LilleFRA7.0009.0006.0000.0004.00026.00010.483
61VfB StuttgartVfB StuttgartGER10.0000.0009.0001.5003.17120.50015.883
62APOEL FCAPOEL FCCYP1.50019.0001.5004.0005.00031.0004.460
63FC BATE BorisovFC BATE BorisovBLR9.0006.0009.0001.0006.00031.0004.150
64VfL Borussia MönchengladbachVfL Borussia MönchengladbachGER0.0000.0009.0000.0009.00018.00015.883
65Levante UDLevante UDESP0.0000.00013.0000.0004.04213.00019.999
66Real Betis BalompiéReal Betis BalompiéESP0.0000.0000.00012.0004.04212.00019.999
67VfL WolfsburgVfL WolfsburgGER0.0000.0000.0000.00016.00016.00015.883
68 AS Monaco FCAS Monaco FCFRA0.0000.0000.0000.00021.00021.00010.483
69BSC Young BoysBSC Young BoysSUI8.0001.5007.0000.0008.00024.5006.875
70FC AnjiFC AnjiRUS0.0000.00011.00010.0001.93321.00010.099
71Newcastle United FCNewcastle United FCENG0.0000.00015.0000.0002.71415.00016.078
72AC Sparta PrahaAC Sparta PrahaCZE8.0001.5008.0000.5007.00025.0005.825
73Udinese CalcioUdinese CalcioITA0.00012.0003.0001.5003.80016.50014.102
74Everton FCEverton FCENG0.0000.0000.0000.00014.00014.00016.078
75Fenerbahçe SKFenerbahçe SKTUR1.5000.00022.0000.0001.20023.5006.520
76Eintracht FrankfurtEintracht FrankfurtGER0.0000.0000.00012.0003.17112.00015.883
77FC Dinamo MoskvaFC Dinamo MoskvaRUS0.0000.0001.5000.00016.00017.50010.099
78 Torino FCTorino FCITA0.0000.0000.0000.00013.00013.00014.102
79Real Sociedad de FútbolReal Sociedad de FútbolESP0.0000.0000.0005.0001.5006.50019.999
80R. Standard de LiègeR. Standard de LiègeBEL0.00013.0000.0002.0003.00018.0007.440
81PFC Ludogorets 1945PFC Ludogorets 1945BUL0.0000.0001.00014.0007.00022.0003.350
82Getafe CFGetafe CFESP5.0000.0000.0000.0004.0425.00019.999
83Legia WarszawaLegia WarszawaPOL0.0007.0001.5002.00010.00020.5004.300
84GNK Dinamo ZagrebGNK Dinamo ZagrebCRO5.0004.0005.0002.0004.00020.0004.700
85FC Girondins de BordeauxFC Girondins de BordeauxFRA0.0000.00012.0002.0002.18314.00010.483
86CFR 1907 ClujCFR 1907 ClujROU7.0000.00011.0000.0001.00019.0005.259
87Stoke City FCStoke City FCENG0.0008.0000.0000.0002.7148.00016.078
88SV Werder BremenSV Werder BremenGER8.0000.0000.0000.0003.1718.00015.883
89FC Lokomotiv MoskvaFC Lokomotiv MoskvaRUS1.50010.0000.0000.0001.50013.00010.099
90Swansea City AFCSwansea City AFCENG0.0000.0000.0007.0002.7147.00016.078
91Birmingham City FCBirmingham City FCENG0.0007.0000.0000.0002.7147.00016.078
92NK MariborNK MariborSVN1.5002.0003.0006.0007.00019.5002.725
93Fulham FCFulham FCENG0.0006.0000.0000.0002.7146.00016.078
94Hapoel Tel-Aviv FCHapoel Tel-Aviv FCISR8.0005.0003.0001.0000.50017.5004.200
95FeyenoordFeyenoordNED1.5000.0001.5001.5009.00013.5008.195
96SC FreiburgSC FreiburgGER0.0000.0000.0005.0003.1715.00015.883
97FK Austria WienFK Austria WienAUT1.5006.0000.0008.0000.82515.5005.135
98US Città di PalermoUS Città di PalermoITA5.0001.0000.0000.0003.8006.00014.102
99Wigan Athletic FCWigan Athletic FCENG0.0000.0000.0004.0002.7144.00016.078
100Panathinaikos FCPanathinaikos FCGRE6.0001.5004.0000.0002.00013.5006.380
101EA GuingampEA GuingampFRA0.0000.0000.0000.0009.0009.00010.483
102Estoril PraiaEstoril PraiaPOR0.0000.0000.0003.0004.0007.00012.276
103CS MarítimoCS MarítimoPOR1.5000.0005.0000.0001.8166.50012.276
104Maccabi Tel-Aviv FCMaccabi Tel-Aviv FCISR1.5002.0000.0009.0001.50014.0004.200
105UC SampdoriaUC SampdoriaITA4.0000.0000.0000.0003.8004.00014.102
106FC Chornomorets OdesaFC Chornomorets OdesaUKR0.0000.0000.0008.0001.0009.0009.033
1071. FSV Mainz 051. FSV Mainz 05GER0.0001.0000.0000.0001.0002.00015.883
108Vitória SCVitória SCPOR0.0001.5000.0004.0001.8165.50012.276
109 Hull City AFCHull City AFCENG0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.50016.078
110Aston Villa FCAston Villa FCENG1.5000.0000.0000.0002.7141.50016.078
111Montpellier Hérault SCMontpellier Hérault SCFRA1.0000.0006.0000.0002.1837.00010.483
112KKS Lech PoznańKKS Lech PoznańPOL10.0000.0001.0001.0001.00013.0004.300
113Rangers FCRangers FCSCO12.0001.5000.0000.0000.80013.5003.580
114AS Saint-ÉtienneAS Saint-ÉtienneFRA0.0000.0000.0001.5005.0006.50010.483
115FC ZürichFC ZürichSUI0.0004.0000.0001.0005.00010.0006.875
116AJ AuxerreAJ AuxerreFRA6.0000.0000.0000.0002.1836.00010.483
117FC Slovan LiberecFC Slovan LiberecCZE0.0000.0001.5008.0001.00010.5005.825
118A. Académica de CoimbraA. Académica de CoimbraPOR0.0000.0004.0000.0001.8164.00012.276
119BursasporBursasporTUR5.0001.5001.5001.0000.5009.5006.520
120KSC Lokeren OVKSC Lokeren OVBEL0.0000.0001.5000.0007.0008.5007.440
121SK Rapid WienSK Rapid WienAUT2.0000.0002.0005.0001.50010.5005.135
122 Rio Ave FCRio Ave FCPOR0.0000.0000.0000.0003.0003.00012.276
123CD NacionalCD NacionalPOR0.0001.5000.0000.0001.5003.00012.276
124FC Paços de FerreiraFC Paços de FerreiraPOR0.0000.0000.0003.0001.8163.00012.276
125 FC KrasnodarFC KrasnodarRUS0.0000.0000.0000.0005.0005.00010.099
126FC Kuban KrasnodarFC Kuban KrasnodarRUS0.0000.0000.0005.0001.9335.00010.099
127FK PartizanFK PartizanSRB4.0001.5003.0001.5002.00012.0002.775
128FC SheriffFC SheriffMDA4.0000.5001.5005.0001.50012.5002.000
129Aris Thessaloniki FCAris Thessaloniki FCGRE8.0000.0000.0000.0001.2408.0006.380
130Esbjerg fBEsbjerg fBDEN0.0000.0000.0009.0001.00010.0003.960
131HNK RijekaHNK RijekaCRO0.0000.0000.0004.0005.0009.0004.700
132FC UtrechtFC UtrechtNED5.0000.0000.0000.5001.2165.5008.195
133Stade Rennais FCStade Rennais FCFRA0.0003.0000.0000.0002.1833.00010.483
134SV Zulte WaregemSV Zulte WaregemBEL0.0000.0000.0005.0001.0006.0007.440
135KAA GentKAA GentBEL5.0000.0001.0000.0001.9206.0007.440
136Asteras Tripolis FCAsteras Tripolis FCGRE0.0000.0001.0001.0005.0007.0006.380
137AEK Athens FCAEK Athens FCGRE5.0002.0000.0000.0001.2407.0006.380
138Wisła KrakówWisła KrakówPOL1.0008.0000.0000.0000.9509.0004.300
139FC VasluiFC VasluiROU1.5005.0001.5000.0001.0258.0005.259
140Maccabi Haifa FCMaccabi Haifa FCISR1.0004.0000.0004.0000.2759.0004.200
141FC NordsjællandFC NordsjællandDEN1.0001.5005.0001.5000.5809.0003.960
142Malmö FFMalmö FFSWE0.0002.0000.0001.0006.0009.0003.545
143FC Karpaty LvivFC Karpaty LvivUKR2.0001.5000.0000.0002.0003.5009.033
144OGC NiceOGC NiceFRA0.0000.0000.0001.5002.1831.50010.483
145FC Sochaux-MontbéliardFC Sochaux-MontbéliardFRA0.0001.5000.0000.0002.1831.50010.483
146Rosenborg BKRosenborg BKNOR2.0001.5004.0000.5001.0009.0002.875
147 FC RostovFC RostovRUS0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.50010.099
148FC Alania VladikavkazFC Alania VladikavkazRUS0.0001.5000.0000.0001.9331.50010.099
149FC Sibir NovosibirskFC Sibir NovosibirskRUS1.5000.0000.0000.0001.9331.50010.099
150IF ElfsborgIF ElfsborgSWE1.5001.0001.0003.0001.5008.0003.545
151Qarabağ FKQarabağ FKAZE1.5001.0000.0001.5005.0009.0002.500
152Grasshopper Club ZürichGrasshopper Club ZürichSUI1.5000.0000.0001.5001.5004.5006.875
153HNK Hajduk SplitHNK Hajduk SplitCRO2.0001.0001.0001.0001.5006.5004.700
154HJK HelsinkiHJK HelsinkiFIN1.5001.5001.5001.0004.0009.5001.640
155FC Metalurh DonetskFC Metalurh DonetskUKR0.0000.0001.0001.0002.0002.0009.033
156FC Vorskla PoltavaFC Vorskla PoltavaUKR0.0002.0000.0000.0002.0002.0009.033
157FC St GallenFC St GallenSUI0.0000.0000.0004.0001.3804.0006.875
158 FC Zorya LuhanskFC Zorya LuhanskUKR0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.5009.033
159SC Tavriya SimferopolSC Tavriya SimferopolUKR1.5000.0000.0000.0002.0001.5009.033
160Aalborg BKAalborg BKDEN0.0000.0000.0000.5006.0006.5003.960
161Apollon Limassol FCApollon Limassol FCCYP1.0000.0000.0003.0002.0006.0004.460
162AC OmoniaAC OmoniaCYP1.5001.5001.0000.5001.5006.0004.460
163Atromitos FCAtromitos FCGRE0.0000.0001.5001.5001.0004.0006.380
164Molde FKMolde FKNOR1.0000.0004.0001.5001.0007.5002.875
165FC ThunFC ThunSUI0.0001.5000.0002.0001.3803.5006.875
166VitesseVitesseNED0.0000.0001.0001.0001.2162.0008.195
167PFC Levski SofiaPFC Levski SofiaBUL5.0001.0000.5000.2500.8506.7503.350
168Odense BKOdense BKDEN3.0003.0000.0000.0000.5806.0003.960
169FC LuzernFC LuzernSUI1.0000.0001.5000.0000.5003.0006.875
170FC Astra GiurgiuFC Astra GiurgiuROU0.0000.0000.0001.5003.0004.5005.259
171 PEC ZwollePEC ZwolleNED0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.5008.195
172sc Heerenveensc HeerenveenNED0.0000.0001.5000.0001.2161.5008.195
173FC Dinamo MinskFC Dinamo MinskBLR1.5000.0000.0001.0003.0005.5004.150
174FK JablonecFK JablonecCZE1.0001.0000.0001.5000.7753.5005.825
175FC Dinamo BucureştiFC Dinamo BucureştiROU1.0001.5001.5000.0001.0254.0005.259
176FC Oţelul GalaţiFC Oţelul GalaţiROU0.0004.0000.0000.0001.0254.0005.259
177ŠK Slovan BratislavaŠK Slovan BratislavaSVK1.5002.0000.5001.0002.0007.0002.250
178ADO Den HaagADO Den HaagNED0.0001.0000.0000.0001.2161.0008.195
179SK Sturm GrazSK Sturm GrazAUT1.5002.0000.0000.5000.8254.0005.135
180AIKAIKSWE1.5000.0003.0000.0001.0005.5003.545
181FC Arsenal KyivFC Arsenal KyivUKR0.0000.0000.0000.0002.0000.0009.033
182Neftçi PFKNeftçi PFKAZE0.0001.0003.0001.0001.5006.5002.500
183AEL Limassol FCAEL Limassol FCCYP0.0000.0003.0000.0001.5004.5004.460
184FC Lausanne-SportFC Lausanne-SportSUI2.0000.0000.0000.0001.3802.0006.875
185FK Mladá BoleslavFK Mladá BoleslavCZE0.0001.0001.0000.0001.0003.0005.825
186WKS Śląsk WrocławWKS Śląsk WrocławPOL0.0001.5001.5001.5000.9504.5004.300
187MŠK ŽilinaMŠK ŽilinaSVK4.0000.5001.0001.0000.5506.5002.250
188 FC GroningenFC GroningenNED0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5008.195
189FC AktobeFC AktobeKAZ1.5001.0001.0001.5001.5006.5002.075
190Anorthosis Famagusta FCAnorthosis Famagusta FCCYP1.5001.0001.0000.5000.6604.0004.460
191AEK Larnaca FCAEK Larnaca FCCYP0.0004.0000.0000.0000.6604.0004.460
192KVC WesterloKVC WesterloBEL0.0001.0000.0000.0001.9201.0007.440
193Cercle Brugge KSVCercle Brugge KSVBEL1.0000.0000.0000.0001.9201.0007.440
194FC SionFC SionSUI0.0001.5000.0000.0001.3801.5006.875
195FC Petrolul PloieştiFC Petrolul PloieştiROU0.0000.0000.0001.5001.5003.0005.259
196FC Rapid BucureştiFC Rapid BucureştiROU0.0002.0001.0000.0001.0253.0005.259
197Motherwell FCMotherwell FCSCO1.5000.0001.5001.0000.5004.5003.580
198Helsingborgs IFHelsingborgs IFSWE0.0001.5003.0000.0000.7804.5003.545
199 Kardemir KarabüksporKardemir KarabüksporTUR0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.5006.520
200FC MidtjyllandFC MidtjyllandDEN0.0001.0001.5000.0001.5004.0003.960
201Videoton FCVideoton FCHUN0.5001.0004.0000.2500.4255.7502.200
202Servette FCServette FCSUI0.0000.0001.0000.0001.3801.0006.875
203PFC CSKA SofiaPFC CSKA SofiaBUL2.0001.5000.5000.0000.5004.5003.350
204Ruch ChorzówRuch ChorzówPOL1.0000.0001.0000.0001.5003.5004.300
205FK Crvena zvezdaFK Crvena zvezdaSRB1.0001.5001.5001.0000.5505.0002.775
206Debreceni VSCDebreceni VSCHUN2.0000.0001.5000.5001.5005.5002.200
207SV RiedSV RiedAUT0.0001.5001.0000.0000.8252.5005.135
208EskişehirsporEskişehirsporTUR0.0000.0001.0000.0001.2001.0006.520
209GaziantepsporGaziantepsporTUR0.0001.0000.0000.0001.2001.0006.520
210Brøndby IFBrøndby IFDEN1.5001.0000.0000.0001.0003.5003.960
211Xanthi FCXanthi FCGRE0.0000.0000.0001.0001.2401.0006.380
212Olympiacos Volou FCOlympiacos Volou FCGRE0.0001.0000.0000.0001.2401.0006.380
213Tromsø ILTromsø ILNOR0.0000.5001.5002.0000.5004.5002.875
214CS Pandurii Târgu JiuCS Pandurii Târgu JiuROU0.0000.0000.0002.0001.0252.0005.259
215RNK SplitRNK SplitCRO0.0001.0000.0000.0001.5002.5004.700
216Hapoel Kiryat Shmona FCHapoel Kiryat Shmona FCISR0.0000.0002.0000.0001.0003.0004.200
217FC Shakhtyor SoligorskFC Shakhtyor SoligorskBLR0.0000.5000.5000.5001.5003.0004.150
218FC Dinamo TbilisiFC Dinamo TbilisiGEO1.0001.5000.0001.5001.0005.0001.875
219PFC Litex LovechPFC Litex LovechBUL1.5001.5000.0000.0000.5003.5003.350
220FC Shakhter KaragandyFC Shakhter KaragandyKAZ0.2500.5001.0002.0001.0004.7502.075
221FC Baník OstravaFC Baník OstravaCZE1.0000.0000.0000.0000.7751.0005.825
222CS Gaz Metan MediaşCS Gaz Metan MediaşROU0.0001.5000.0000.0001.0251.5005.259
223FC Unirea UrziceniFC Unirea UrziceniROU1.5000.0000.0000.0001.0251.5005.259
223FC TimişoaraFC TimişoaraROU1.5000.0000.0000.0001.0251.5005.259
225Bnei Yehuda Tel-Aviv FCBnei Yehuda Tel-Aviv FCISR0.5001.0001.0000.0000.2752.5004.200
226FC PaschingFC PaschingAUT0.0000.0000.0001.5000.8251.5005.135
227Heart of Midlothian FCHeart of Midlothian FCSCO0.0001.5001.5000.0000.8003.0003.580
228Dundee United FCDundee United FCSCO1.5000.5001.0000.0000.8003.0003.580
229Aalesunds FKAalesunds FKNOR1.0001.5001.0000.0000.4403.5002.875
230FK VojvodinaFK VojvodinaSRB0.0000.5001.0001.5000.5003.5002.775
231FC Spartak TrnavaFC Spartak TrnavaSVK0.0001.5001.0000.0001.5004.0002.250
232FK EkranasFK EkranasLTU1.0001.5001.5001.0000.2505.2500.900
233FC MinskFC MinskBLR0.0000.5000.0001.5001.1002.0004.150
234FC GomelFC GomelBLR0.0001.0001.0000.0001.1002.0004.150
235 SKN St PöltenSKN St PöltenAUT0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0005.135
235 SV GrödigSV GrödigAUT0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0005.135
237FC Admira Wacker MödlingFC Admira Wacker MödlingAUT0.0000.0001.0000.0000.8251.0005.135
238FH HafnarfjördurFH HafnarfjördurISL1.0000.5000.5001.5001.0004.5001.600
239St Johnstone FCSt Johnstone FCSCO0.0000.0000.5001.0001.0002.5003.580
240IFK GöteborgIFK GöteborgSWE1.0000.0000.0000.5001.0002.5003.545
241FK ŽeljezničarFK ŽeljezničarBIH1.0001.0001.0001.0000.5004.5001.500
242Randers FCRanders FCDEN1.0000.0000.0001.0000.5802.0003.960
243Strømsgodset IFStrømsgodset IFNOR0.0001.0000.0001.0001.0003.0002.875
244FC ZestafoniFC ZestafoniGEO1.0001.5001.0000.0000.5004.0001.875
245NK Slaven KoprivnicaNK Slaven KoprivnicaCRO0.0000.0001.0000.0001.3751.0004.700
246NK VaraždinNK VaraždinCRO0.0001.0000.0000.0001.3751.0004.700
247FC Dnepr MogilevFC Dnepr MogilevBLR1.5000.0000.0000.0001.1001.5004.150
248KR ReykjavíkKR ReykjavíkISL0.5001.0001.0000.5001.0004.0001.600
249KF SkënderbeuKF SkënderbeuALB0.0001.0001.0001.5001.0004.5001.075
250The New Saints FCThe New Saints FCWAL1.5000.5001.0001.0001.0005.0000.575
251Jagiellonia BiałystokJagiellonia BiałystokPOL1.0000.2500.0000.0000.9501.2504.300
252BK HäckenBK HäckenSWE0.0001.0000.0001.0000.7802.0003.545
253Kalmar FFKalmar FFSWE1.0000.0001.0000.0000.7802.0003.545
254FK SarajevoFK SarajevoBIH0.0001.0001.0000.5001.5004.0001.500
255 Ermis Aradippou FCErmis Aradippou FCCYP0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0004.460
256AC HorsensAC HorsensDEN0.0000.0001.5000.0000.5801.5003.960
257FK VentspilsFK VentspilsLVA0.5001.0001.0001.0001.0004.5000.850
258ND Mura 05ND Mura 05SVN0.0000.0002.5000.0000.8002.5002.725
259Győri ETO FCGyőri ETO FCHUN1.5000.0000.0001.0000.5003.0002.200
260Hapoel Ramat Gan FCHapoel Ramat Gan FCISR0.0000.0000.0001.0000.2751.0004.200
261NK Lokomotiva ZagrebNK Lokomotiva ZagrebCRO0.0000.0000.0000.5001.3750.5004.700
262NK OsijekNK OsijekCRO0.0000.0000.5000.0001.3750.5004.700
263HNK ŠibenikHNK ŠibenikCRO0.5000.0000.0000.0001.3750.5004.700
263HNK CibaliaHNK CibaliaCRO0.5000.0000.0000.0001.3750.5004.700
265Shamrock Rovers FCShamrock Rovers FCIRL1.0002.0001.0000.0000.4004.0001.150
266Hibernian FCHibernian FCSCO1.0000.0000.0000.5000.8001.5003.580
267Gefle IFGefle IFSWE0.5000.0000.0001.0000.7801.5003.545
268F91 DudelangeF91 DudelangeLUX0.2501.0001.5000.2501.0004.0001.025
269Keşlə FKKeşlə FKAZE1.0000.0000.5000.5000.5002.5002.500
270Linfield FCLinfield FCNIR1.0001.0001.0000.5000.5004.0000.975
271NK Olimpija LjubljanaNK Olimpija LjubljanaSVN0.2501.0000.5000.5000.8002.2502.725
272FC Dila GoriFC Dila GoriGEO0.0000.0001.5001.5000.2503.0001.875
273PFC Botev PlovdivPFC Botev PlovdivBUL0.0000.0000.0001.0000.5001.5003.350
274PFC Beroe Stara ZagoraPFC Beroe Stara ZagoraBUL1.0000.0000.0000.5000.8501.5003.350
275Valletta FCValletta FCMLT0.5001.0001.0000.5001.0004.0000.841
276 Zawisza BydgoszczZawisza BydgoszczPOL0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5004.300
277GKS Piast GliwiceGKS Piast GliwicePOL0.0000.0000.0000.5000.9500.5004.300
278FC Differdange 03FC Differdange 03LUX0.5001.5000.5001.0000.2503.7501.025
279 Hapoel Beer-Sheva FCHapoel Beer-Sheva FCISR0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5004.200
280Maccabi Netanya FCMaccabi Netanya FCISR0.0000.0000.5000.0000.2750.5004.200
281FK RabotnickiFK RabotnickiMKD1.0001.5000.0000.0001.0003.5001.175
282 FC Neman GrodnoFC Neman GrodnoBLR0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5004.150
283FC Naftan NovopolotskFC Naftan NovopolotskBLR0.0000.0000.5000.0001.1000.5004.150
284FC Torpedo ZhodinoFC Torpedo ZhodinoBLR0.5000.0000.0000.0001.1000.5004.150
285Aberdeen FCAberdeen FCSCO0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0003.580
286 IF BrommapojkarnaIF BrommapojkarnaSWE0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0003.545
287FC Dacia ChisinauFC Dacia ChisinauMDA0.5001.0000.5000.5000.3502.5002.000
288FC KoperFC KoperSVN1.0000.2500.0000.0000.5001.7502.725
289Cliftonville FCCliftonville FCNIR1.0000.2500.2501.0001.0003.5000.975
290AGF AarhusAGF AarhusDEN0.0000.0000.5000.0000.5800.5003.960
291Saint Patrick's Athletic FCSaint Patrick's Athletic FCIRL0.0001.0001.0000.2501.0003.2501.150
292FC Metalurgi RustaviFC Metalurgi RustaviGEO1.0001.0000.5000.0000.2502.5001.875
293PFC Lokomotiv SofiaPFC Lokomotiv SofiaBUL0.0001.0000.0000.0000.8501.0003.350
294AS TrenčínAS TrenčínSVK0.0000.0000.0001.0001.0002.0002.250
295NK Široki BrijegNK Široki BrijegBIH0.5000.2500.5001.0000.5002.7501.500
296Xäzär Länkäran FKXäzär Länkäran FKAZE0.2500.5000.5000.5000.7251.7502.500
297FK SenicaFK SenicaSVK0.0001.0000.5000.5000.5502.0002.250
298FC Levadia TallinnFC Levadia TallinnEST1.0000.5000.5000.5001.0003.5000.700
299Sligo Rovers FCSligo Rovers FCIRL0.0001.0000.5001.0000.5003.0001.150
300BreidablikBreidablikISL0.5001.0000.0001.0000.5002.5001.600
301Örebro SKÖrebro SKSWE0.0000.5000.0000.0000.7800.5003.545
302FK JagodinaFK JagodinaSRB0.0000.0000.2500.5000.5001.2502.775
303FC Zimbru ChisinauFC Zimbru ChisinauMDA0.0000.0000.5000.0001.5002.0002.000
304HŠK ZrinjskiHŠK ZrinjskiBIH1.0000.0000.0000.5001.0002.5001.500
305HB TórshavnHB TórshavnFRO1.0001.0000.0000.2501.0003.2500.700
306FK Žalgiris VilniusFK Žalgiris VilniusLTU0.0000.0000.5001.5001.0003.0000.900
307FK Budućnost PodgoricaFK Budućnost PodgoricaMNE1.0000.2501.0000.0000.5002.7501.125
308Vålerenga FotballVålerenga FotballNOR0.0001.0000.0000.0000.4401.0002.875
309PFC Lokomotiv PlovdivPFC Lokomotiv PlovdivBUL0.0000.0000.5000.0000.8500.5003.350
310FC AstanaFC AstanaKAZ0.0000.0000.0000.2501.5001.7502.075
311OFK BeogradOFK BeogradSRB1.0000.0000.0000.0000.5501.0002.775
311FK Spartak SuboticaFK Spartak SuboticaSRB1.0000.0000.0000.0000.5501.0002.775
313FC Milsami OrheiFC Milsami OrheiMDA0.0000.2500.5001.0000.3501.7502.000
314ND GoricaND GoricaSVN0.5000.0000.0000.0000.5001.0002.725
315FK Metalurg SkopjeFK Metalurg SkopjeMKD0.2500.5000.5000.2501.0002.5001.175
316Myllykosken Pallo -47Myllykosken Pallo -47FIN1.0000.0000.5000.0000.5002.0001.640
317Stabæk FotballStabæk FotballNOR0.5000.0000.2500.0000.4400.7502.875
318Birkirkara FCBirkirkara FCMLT1.0000.2500.2501.0000.2502.7500.841
319FC PyunikFC PyunikARM1.0001.0000.2500.5000.2503.0000.550
320NK DomžaleNK DomžaleSVN0.0000.5000.0000.2500.8000.7502.725
321FC VaduzFC VaduzLIE0.5001.0000.0000.2500.5002.2501.200
322FC Honka EspooFC Honka EspooFIN0.5000.5000.0000.5000.2501.7501.640
323FC Inter TurkuFC Inter TurkuFIN1.0000.0000.5000.2500.4801.7501.640
324FC Chikhura SachkhereFC Chikhura SachkhereGEO0.0000.0000.0000.5001.0001.5001.875
325 FK HaugesundFK HaugesundNOR0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5002.875
326HøddHøddNOR0.0000.0000.0000.5000.4400.5002.875
327FK Rudar PljevljaFK Rudar PljevljaMNE1.0000.5000.2500.5000.1502.2501.125
328FC Tobol KostanayFC Tobol KostanayKAZ0.2501.0000.0000.0000.6751.2502.075
329 FK ČukaričkiFK ČukaričkiSRB0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5002.775
330FK RadFK RadSRB0.0000.5000.0000.0000.5500.5002.775
331Bakı FKBakı FKAZE0.5000.0000.2500.0000.7250.7502.500
332FK Borac Banja LukaFK Borac Banja LukaBIH0.5001.0000.2500.0000.3501.7501.500
333NK CeljeNK CeljeSVN0.0000.0000.2500.2500.8000.5002.725
334 Diósgyőri VTKDiósgyőri VTKHUN0.0000.0000.0000.0001.0001.0002.200
335Ferencvárosi TCFerencvárosi TCHUN0.0000.5000.0000.0000.5001.0002.200
336Nõmme Kalju FCNõmme Kalju FCEST0.0000.2500.2501.5000.5002.5000.700
337Budapest Honvéd FCBudapest Honvéd FCHUN0.0000.0000.5000.5000.4251.0002.200
338FC Flora TallinnFC Flora TallinnEST0.2501.0001.0000.2500.3002.5000.700
339Paksi FCPaksi FCHUN0.0001.0000.0000.0000.4251.0002.200
340FK VardarFK VardarMKD0.0000.0001.0001.0000.2252.0001.175
341KuPS KuopioKuPS KuopioFIN0.0000.5001.0000.0000.4801.5001.640
342FK SutjeskaFK SutjeskaMNE0.0000.0000.0001.0001.0002.0001.125
343FK ZetaFK ZetaMNE0.2500.2501.5000.0000.1502.0001.125
344 StjarnanStjarnanISL0.0000.0000.0000.0001.5001.5001.600
345Skonto FCSkonto FCLVA0.2501.0000.5000.5000.0502.2500.850
346SK Liepājas MetalurgsSK Liepājas MetalurgsLVA1.0000.5000.5000.2500.0502.2500.850
347Bangor City FCBangor City FCWAL1.0001.0000.2500.0000.2502.5000.575
348FC Irtysh PavlodarFC Irtysh PavlodarKAZ0.0000.5000.0000.5000.6751.0002.075
349AS Jeunesse EschAS Jeunesse EschLUX1.0000.0000.2500.5000.2502.0001.025
350FC Iskra-StalFC Iskra-StalMDA0.5000.5000.0000.0000.3501.0002.000
351NK Rudar VelenjeNK Rudar VelenjeSVN0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2502.725
352VíkingurVíkingurFRO0.5000.0000.2500.5001.0002.2500.700
353KF RenovaKF RenovaMKD1.0000.2500.5000.0000.2251.7501.175
354Bohemian FCBohemian FCIRL1.0000.5000.2500.0000.4001.7501.150
355TPS TurkuTPS TurkuFIN0.5000.5000.0000.2500.4801.2501.640
356FK KukësiFK KukësiALB0.0000.0000.0001.5000.2501.7501.075
357MFK KošiceMFK KošiceSVK0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5002.250
358 Gabala SCGabala SCAZE0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2502.500
359Olimpik-Şüvälan PFKOlimpik-Şüvälan PFKAZE0.0000.2500.0000.0000.7250.2502.500
360FK Dukla Banská BystricaFK Dukla Banská BystricaSVK0.5000.0000.0000.0000.5500.5002.250
361EB/StreymurEB/StreymurFRO0.2500.5000.2501.0000.2752.0000.700
362Kecskeméti TEKecskeméti TEHUN0.0000.5000.0000.0000.4250.5002.200
363KF ShkëndijaKF ShkëndijaMKD0.0001.0000.2500.0000.2501.5001.175
364FC Santa ColomaFC Santa ColomaAND0.5000.5000.2500.2501.0002.5000.166
365FK SūduvaFK SūduvaLTU0.5000.5000.5000.2500.1001.7500.900
366FK MogrenFK MogrenMNE0.5001.0000.0000.0000.1501.5001.125
367FC Daugava DaugavpilsFC Daugava DaugavpilsLVA0.0000.2500.2501.0000.2501.7500.850
368ÍBV VestmannaeyjarÍBV VestmannaeyjarISL0.0000.2500.2500.5000.5001.0001.600
369 FC Kairat AlmatyFC Kairat AlmatyKAZ0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5002.075
370FC Ordabasy ShymkentFC Ordabasy ShymkentKAZ0.0000.0000.5000.0000.6750.5002.075
371KF TiranaKF TiranaALB0.5000.5000.5000.0000.1751.5001.075
372FC AtyrauFC AtyrauKAZ0.5000.0000.0000.0000.6750.5002.075
373CS Fola EschCS Fola EschLUX0.0000.2500.0001.0000.2501.5001.025
374FC TiraspolFC TiraspolMDA0.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.5002.000
375FC Zaria BaltiFC Zaria BaltiMDA0.5000.0000.0000.0000.3500.5002.000
376FC NitraFC NitraSVK0.2500.0000.0000.0000.5500.2502.250
377Crusaders FCCrusaders FCNIR0.0000.5000.2500.2500.5001.5000.975
378MTK BudapestMTK BudapestHUN0.0000.0000.2500.0000.4250.2502.200
379Zalaegerszegi TEZalaegerszegi TEHUN0.2500.0000.0000.0000.4250.2502.200
380FK TeteksFK TeteksMKD1.0000.0000.0000.2500.2251.2501.175
381FC Torpedo KutaisiFC Torpedo KutaisiGEO0.0000.0000.2500.2500.2500.5001.875
382FC GagraFC GagraGEO0.0000.5000.0000.0000.2500.5001.875
383FC WIT GeorgiaFC WIT GeorgiaGEO0.5000.0000.0000.0000.2500.5001.875
384KS FlamurtariKS FlamurtariALB0.0000.5000.2500.0000.5001.2501.075
385FC Zhetysu TaldykorganFC Zhetysu TaldykorganKAZ0.0000.0000.2500.0000.6750.2502.075
386FC ShirakFC ShirakARM0.0000.0000.5001.0000.2501.7500.550
387 FC VerisFC VerisMDA0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2502.000
388Derry City FCDerry City FCIRL0.0000.0000.0000.5000.5001.0001.150
389Dundalk FCDundalk FCIRL0.5000.0000.0000.0000.5001.0001.150
390 RoPS RovaniemiRoPS RovaniemiFIN0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5001.640
391JJK JyväskyläJJK JyväskyläFIN0.0000.0000.5000.0000.4800.5001.640
392 FC Sioni BolnisiFC Sioni BolnisiGEO0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2501.875
393FK Čelik NikšićFK Čelik NikšićMNE0.0000.0000.5000.2500.2501.0001.125
394FK Mladost PodgoricaFK Mladost PodgoricaMNE0.0000.0000.0001.0000.1501.0001.125
395Thór AkureyriThór AkureyriISL0.0000.0000.5000.0000.5000.5001.600
396KF LaçiKF LaçiALB0.2500.0000.0000.2500.5001.0001.075
397FK Dinamo TiranaFK Dinamo TiranaALB1.0000.0000.0000.0000.1751.0001.075
398FC MikaFC MikaARM0.5000.5000.0000.2500.2501.5000.550
399Ulisses FC Ulisses FC ARM0.2500.2501.0000.0000.0751.5000.550
400Glentoran FCGlentoran FCNIR0.2500.5000.0000.2500.2751.0000.975
401Portadown FCPortadown FCNIR0.5000.0000.5000.0000.2751.0000.975
402FK TurnovoFK TurnovoMKD0.0000.0000.0000.5000.2500.7501.175
403FK TaurasFK TaurasLTU0.5000.5000.0000.0000.1001.0000.900
404 VPS VaasaVPS VaasaFIN0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2501.640
405IFK MariehamnIFK MariehamnFIN0.0000.0000.0000.2500.4800.2501.640
406Fram ReykjavíkFram ReykjavíkISL0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2501.600
407FylkirFylkirISL0.2500.0000.0000.0000.5000.2501.600
408SP Tre PenneSP Tre PenneSMR0.5000.2500.5000.5000.0001.7500.099
409JK Sillamäe KalevJK Sillamäe KalevEST0.5000.0000.0000.0000.5001.0000.700
410JK Narva TransJK Narva TransEST0.2500.2500.2500.2500.3001.0000.700
411FC LusitansFC LusitansAND0.2500.2500.5000.5000.1001.5000.166
412FC ŠiauliaiFC ŠiauliaiLTU0.5000.0000.2500.0000.1000.7500.900
413Sporting Fingal FCSporting Fingal FCIRL0.5000.0000.0000.0000.4000.5001.150
414FK JelgavaFK JelgavaLVA0.5000.0000.0000.0000.2500.7500.850
415Hibernians FCHibernians FCMLT0.0000.0000.2500.2500.2500.7500.841
416Sliema Wanderers FCSliema Wanderers FCMLT0.2500.0000.0000.2500.2500.7500.841
417Floriana FCFloriana FCMLT0.0000.5000.2500.0000.0250.7500.841
418KF TeutaKF TeutaALB0.0000.0000.2500.2500.1750.5001.075
419Llanelli AFCLlanelli AFCWAL0.2500.5000.2500.0000.0251.0000.575
420KF VllazniaKF VllazniaALB0.0000.5000.0000.0000.1750.5001.075
421KS BesaKS BesaALB0.5000.0000.0000.0000.1750.5001.075
422FC BanantsFC BanantsARM0.2500.2500.0000.0000.5001.0000.550
423CS GrevenmacherCS GrevenmacherLUX0.2500.0000.2500.0000.1000.5001.025
424ÍF FuglafjørdurÍF FuglafjørdurFRO0.0000.2500.0000.2500.2500.7500.700
425B36 TórshavnB36 TórshavnFRO0.0000.0000.5000.0000.2500.7500.700
426NSÍ RunavíkNSÍ RunavíkFRO0.2500.2500.2500.0000.2750.7500.700
427USV Eschen/MaurenUSV Eschen/MaurenLIE0.0000.0000.2500.0000.5000.2501.200
428UE Santa ColomaUE Santa ColomaAND0.2500.2500.2500.2500.2501.2500.166
429UE Sant JuliàUE Sant JuliàAND0.5000.5000.0000.0000.2501.2500.166
430 FK AtlantasFK AtlantasLTU0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5000.900
431FK BangaFK BangaLTU0.0000.2500.0000.0000.2500.5000.900
432Drogheda United FCDrogheda United FCIRL0.0000.0000.0000.2500.4000.2501.150
433 FK LovćenFK LovćenMNE0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2501.125
434FC GandzasarFC GandzasarARM0.0000.0000.5000.2500.0750.7500.550
435UN Käerjéng 97UN Käerjéng 97LUX0.0000.2500.0000.0000.1000.2501.025
436 Glenavon FCGlenavon FCNIR0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.975
437FK KruojaFK KruojaLTU0.0000.0000.0000.2500.1000.2500.900
438 FC Daugava RīgaFC Daugava RīgaLVA0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.850
439SP La FioritaSP La FioritaSMR0.0000.0000.2500.2500.5001.0000.099
440SP Tre FioriSP Tre FioriSMR0.5000.5000.0000.0000.0001.0000.099
441AUK Broughton FCAUK Broughton FCWAL0.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.5000.575
442Prestatyn Town FCPrestatyn Town FCWAL0.0000.0000.0000.5000.0250.5000.575
443 FC Santos TartuFC Santos TartuEST0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.700
444AC LibertasAC LibertasSMR0.0000.0000.2500.2500.2500.7500.099
445 Aberystwyth Town FCAberystwyth Town FCWAL0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.575
446Bala Town FCBala Town FCWAL0.0000.0000.0000.2500.0250.2500.575
447Cefn Druids AFCCefn Druids AFCWAL0.0000.0000.2500.0000.0250.2500.575
448Neath FCNeath FCWAL0.0000.2500.0000.0000.0250.2500.575
449Port Talbot Town FCPort Talbot Town FCWAL0.2500.0000.0000.0000.0250.2500.575
450AC Juvenes/DoganaAC Juvenes/DoganaSMR0.0000.5000.0000.0000.0000.5000.099
451 Lincoln FCLincoln FCGIB0.0000.0000.0000.0000.5000.5000.050
452 SS FolgoreSS FolgoreSMR0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.099
453SC FaetanoSC FaetanoSMR0.2500.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.099
454 Europa FCEuropa FCGIB0.0000.0000.0000.0000.2500.2500.050
Last updated: 08/06/2015 09:56 CET

HOW TO READ THE RANKING

The season club coefficient rankings are based on the results of clubs competing in the current UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League season. The rankings, combined with those of the previous four seasons, determine the seeding for each club in all UEFA competition draws.

Coefficient calculation
Clubs' coefficients are determined EITHER the sum of all points won in the previous five years OR the association coefficient over the same period, WHICHEVER IS THE HIGHER (under a new system introduced for 2018/19 onwards).

For matches up to and including 2017/18

UEFA Champions League points system
First qualifying round elimination – 0.5 points
Second qualifying round elimination – 1 point
Group stage bonus participation – 4 points
Group stage win – 2 points
Group stage draw – 1 point
Round of 16 bonus participation – 4 points

Clubs are also awarded an additional point if they reach the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals or final.

NB Points are not awarded for elimination in the third qualifying round or play-offs, since those clubs move to the UEFA Europa League and are awarded points for participation in that competition.

UEFA Europa League points system
First qualifying round elimination – 0.25 points
Second qualifying round elimination – 0.5 points
Third qualifying round elimination – 1 point
Play-off elimination – 1.5 points
Group stage win – 2 points
Group stage draw – 1 point

Clubs are also guaranteed a minimum of two points if they reach the group stage and are awarded an additional point if they get to the quarter-finals, semi-finals or final.

*Penalty shoot-outs do not affect the calculation system.

For 2018/19 matches onwards

UEFA Champions League points system
Group stage participation – 4 points
Group stage win – 2 points
Group stage draw – 1 point
Round of 16 participation – 4 points

Clubs are awarded an additional point if they reach the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals or final.

N.B. Points are not awarded for elimination in the qualifying rounds or play-offs, since those clubs move to the UEFA Europa League and are awarded points for participation in that competition.

UEFA Europa League points system
Preliminary round elimination – 0.5 points
First qualifying round elimination – 1 point
Second qualifying round elimination – 1.5 points
Third qualifying round elimination – 2 points
Play-off elimination – 2.5 points
Group stage win – 2 points
Group stage draw – 1 point

Clubs are guaranteed a minimum of three points if they reach the group stage and are awarded an additional point if they get to the quarter-finals, semi-finals or final.

* Penalty shoot-outs do not affect the calculation system.