From Canaries to Eagles and Bhoys to Pitmen, we run through the round of 32 teams' nicknames.
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Arsenal – The Gunners
Arsenal were formed by armament workers in 1886 in Woolwich, an area of south-east London then associated with the military. Hence the name Arsenal, the cannon on the badge and, for consistency's sake, the nickname.
BATE Borisov – Zholto-Sinie (Yellow-Blues)
BATE is an acronym of Borisov Automobile and Tractor Electronics, who founded the team in 1973. It was not until 2001 – five years after the club was reformed – that the club colours were incorporated in their new logo. The flag in the centre of their current design, which symbolises the desire to win, was inspired by PSV Eindhoven's equivalent.
Bayer Leverkusen – Die Werkself (The Works Team)
Leverkusen started out as the company side of pharmaceutical giants Bayer, and were set up in 1904 following a petition signed by 170 workers.
Benfica – Águias (Eagles)
From the eagle that tops Benfica's badge since their formation in 1904, a symbol of independence, authority and nobility. The club currently has two bald eagles, Vitória (Victory) and Glória (Glory). Before home games one of them flies around the stadium before landing on the club crest.
Celtic – The Bhoys
The club has Irish roots and were originally known to many as 'the bold boys'. The unique spelling of their nickname is inspired by the Gaelic spelling system, where the letter b is often accompanied by the letter h.
Chelsea – The Blues
Chelsea have always worn blue, initially the paler hue of Eton public school, alma mater of the club's first president. Royal blue was adopted in 1912. "Blue is the Colour" is ever popular at Stamford Bridge, a song originally performed by the squad in the build-up to the 1972 League Cup final which reached number five in the UK charts.
Club Brugge – Blauw-Zwart (Blue and Black)
Another club whose nickname is a simple representation of their team colours though their official mascot is a bear – the symbol of the city of Bruges. The history of the bear is related to a legend of the first Count of Flanders, Baldwin I of Flanders, who had fought and defeated a bear in his youth.
Dinamo Zagreb – Modri (Blues)
Dinamo was founded as a successor to HŠK Građanski following World War II. The new club inherited their predecessors' blue colours, fan base and many of their players, and initially played their home matches at their old ground.
Dynamo Kyiv – Bilo-Syni (White-Blue)
The Ukrainian giants' moniker is a reference to the colours they have donned for much of their 90-year existence.
Eintracht Frankfurt – Adler (Eagles) or Launische Diva (Moody Diva)
The club crest derives from the coat of arms of Frankfurt, which is a reference to the one-headed imperial eagle of the 13th century. Launische Diva was also widely used in the 1990s to signify a club that regularly overcame top teams only to suffer surprising defeats to lower clubs.
Fenerbahçe – Sarı Kanaryalar (Yellow Canaries)
The story goes that Cihat Arman, the club's keeper between 1939 and 1952, wore a bright yellow jersey and his acrobatic saves were said to look like a bird in flight. One fan acclaimed the Yellow Canary and the name stuck.
Galatasaray – Cimbom
The exact origins of the word Cimbom are unknown but there are several urban legends surrounding it, including a boxer's interview, French girls selling sweets outside a school and a modified Swiss football chant.
Genk – De Smurfen (The Smurfs)
Some call them the Genkies (the generic name for the city's inhabitants), others Miners (a nod to the area's coal-mining past), but The Smurfs, after the Belgian cartoon forest-dwellers, is the fans' preferred name. It comes from their blue and white kit and inspired a celebrated tifo for their derby against Sint-Truidense (The Canaries) when a buff looking Papa Smurf was depicted with Tweety Pie in his grasp.
Internazionale Milano – Nerazzurri (Black and Blues) or Il Biscione (The Big Grass Snake)
Since their founding in 1908, Inter have worn black and blue stripes with rumour suggesting black was chosen to represent night and blue to signify the sky. The snake is an important symbol for the city, often appearing in Milanese heraldry and on the city's coat of arms.
Krasnodar – Byki (The Bulls)
From the beast depicted on the badge of a team founded only nine years ago. Club president Sergei Galitski explains: "It would have been strange if a club from the Kuban region had a parrot or a giraffe on their logo. Bulls, though, are very common."
Lazio – Aquile (Eagles) or Aquilotti (Eaglets)
This nickname reflects the badge of the club who trace their origins back to 1900 and army officer cum athlete Luigi Bigarelli. When it came to selecting the emblem itself, the eagle was an immediate choice: a proud animal symbolic of the Roman legions.
Malmö – Di Blåe (The Blues), Himmelsblått (The Sky Blues)
The club colours that have spawned the nicknames have not always been used. Their predecessor, BK Idrott, wore blue and white striped shirts, which were initially used when Malmö was founded in 1910. There was then a decade wearing red and white stripes to underline that Malmö was a new, independent club.
Napoli – Partenopei
From the city's old name, Parthenope. In Greek mythology Parthenope was one of the Sirens who cast herself into the sea and drowned when her singing failed to entice Ulysses. The city was named in her honour as legend had it that her body washed up on the local island of Megaride.
Olympiacos – Thrylos (The Legend)
Olympiacos owe their moniker to enthusiastic sports writers of the late 1920s who were driven to waxing lyrical during a series of international friendly tournaments.
Rapid Wien – Die Grün-Weißen (The Green-Whites)
The green and white shirts that provide the nickname were introduced in 1904. The founding First Viennese Workers' Football Club had originally played in red and blue, colours still often used for the club's away kit.
Real Betis – Verdiblancos (Green-and-Whites)
The club's nickname and kit colours, originally inspired by those of Celtic, are also a nod to their most famous coach. Irishman Patrick O'Connell led the club to their only Liga title in 1934/35, edging out Real Madrid by one point.
Rennes – Les Rouge et Noir (The Red and Blacks)
Stade Rennais merged with rivals FC Rennais to form Stade Rennais Université Club in 1904 and the club adopted the red and black colours which make up their moniker.
Salzburg – Die Mozartstädter
Austria's dominant force do have a more common nickname inspired by their energy drink sponsors, but they also go by Die Mozartstädter, a name applied to everyone from Salzburg in honour of the city's most famous son: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Sevilla – Palanganas (Washbasins)
Another label of unsure provenance. One explanation is that the Estadio Ramón Sánchez Pizjúan resembles a washbasin. Another has it that washbasins in the early 20th century were white with a red lining, mimicking the club's colours.
Shakhtar Donetsk – Pitmen
A homage to the coalmining background in the Donbass region – Shakhtar means mine-worker in Ukrainian. There is a hammer and pickaxe on the club crest and many fans wear bright orange pit hats.
Slavia Praha – Sešívaní (The Stitched)
According to legend, the students who founded the club in 1892 asked their mothers to sew their shirts together for them, having opted for red and white colours. The red symbolises the heart that the players put into games, while the white stands for fair play and sportsmanship.
Sporting CP – Leões (Lions)
This one hails from the lion on the club crest, itself borrowed from the coat of arms of an influential Portuguese family. The team also goes by Green and Whites, with the founders apparently choosing green to symbolise hope for the club's future.
Valencia – Blanquinegros (White and Blacks) or Los Murciélagos (The Bats)
Valencia's original kit almost a century ago consisted of white shirts with black shorts and socks but the bat reference is steeped in even more history, dating back to 1238. Legend has it that a bat landed on top of James I's flag as he was about to conquer the city – he interpreted it as a positive sign and added it to the city's coat of arms.
Viktoria Plzeň – Viktoriáni
Self-explanatory. The nickname endured even when the Czech team dropped the part celebrating the Roman Goddess of Victory for over 40 years before reverting in 1992. The next season they were promoted.
Villarreal – El Submarino Amarillo (The Yellow Submarine)
A bunch of supporters started the club's association with the Beatles during a game at El Madrigal in 1968 by changing the words of the hit song to "Amarillo es el Villarreal/amarillo es/amarillo es" (Villarreal are yellow, they are yellow).
Zenit – Sine-Belo-Golubye (Blue-White-and-Sky-Blues)
Wikipedia suggests Zenitchiki (Anti-aircraft Gunners), but nobody uses that. Zenitovtsy (Those who belong to Zenit) is heard, but Sine-Belo-Golubye is more popular – just. For much of the time, Zenit does the job.
Zürich – Der Stadtclub (The City Club)
Though Zürich were formed in 1896 by ex-members of the three local clubs, including Barcelona founder Joan Gamper, and are known as the club of the workers – as opposed to rivals Grasshoppers' elite reputation – there is no definitive answer to why they chose Der Stadtclub.