Champions League last four: which nations dominate?

England has multiple semi-finalists for the first time in a decade, with a one-nation final still on the cards.

Liverpool and Spurs have both reached the semi-finals
Liverpool and Spurs have both reached the semi-finals ©AFP/Getty Images

England has multiple UEFA Champions League semi-finalists for the first time in a decade – and could yet produce only the seventh single-nation decider.

Although Manchester United fell to Barcelona in the last eight, Liverpool got the better of Porto, while Tottenham Hotspur beat Manchester City on away goals in their all-English quarter-final. Had United won, it would have been a flashback to 2006/07, 2007/08 and 2008/09, the Red Devils one of three English semi-finalists on each occasion.

Since that latter season, Spain had been the dominant force, never failing to provide two semi-finalists between 2010/11 and 2016/17 – albeit emulated by Germany in 2012/13, when both Bundesliga teams triumphed against Liga opposition. That made Germany the fourth country to secure both slots in the final, something Spurs and Liverpool could achieve for England this time.

Previous semi-finals: who had the most entries?

Spurs see off City
Spurs see off City

2018/19: 2, England (Liverpool, Tottenham Hotspur)
2017/18
: no nation had more than one
2016/17
: 2, Spain (Atlético Madrid, Real Madrid)
2015/16: 2, Spain (Atlético Madrid, Real Madrid)
2014/15: 2 Spain (Barcelona, Real Madrid)
2013/14: 2, Spain (Atlético Madrid, Real Madrid)
2012/13: 2, Germany (Bayern München, Borussia Dortmund); 2, Spain (Barcelona, Real Madrid)
2011/12: 2 Spain (Barcelona, Real Madrid)
2010/11: 2 Spain (Barcelona, Real Madrid)
2009/10: no nation had more than one
2008/09: 3, England (Arsenal, Chelsea, Manchester United)
2007/08: 3, England (Chelsea, Liverpool, Manchester United)
2006/07: 3, England (Chelsea, Liverpool, Manchester United)
2005/06: 2, Spain (Barcelona, Villarreal)
2004/05: 2, England (Chelsea, Liverpool)
2003/04: no nation had more than one
2002/03
: 3, Italy (AC Milan, Internazionale Milano, Juventus)
2001/02: 2, Spain (Barcelona, Real Madrid)
2000/01: 2, Spain (Real Madrid, Valencia)
1999/2000: 3: Spain (Barcelona, Real Madrid, Valencia)

The number of entries for the top leagues was increased to four in 1999/2000.

Classic all-Spanish semi-finals
Classic all-Spanish semi-finals
  • There have been nine previous one-nation semi-finals, four each for Spain and England plus one for Italy.
  • Previous semi-finals include derbies in Milan (2003, both legs played at the same stadium and decided on away goals) and Madrid (2017), while two ties have been repeated: Real Madrid v Barcelona (2002 and 2011) and Liverpool v Chelsea (2005, 2007 and 2008).

One-nation UEFA Champions League semi-finals

2016/17: Spain – Real Madrid 4-2 Atlético Madrid (3-0, 1-2)
2010/11
: Spain – Barcelona 3-1 Real Madrid (2-0, 1-1)
2008/09
: England – Manchester United 4-1 Arsenal (1-0, 3-1)
2007/08
: England – Chelsea 4-3 Liverpool (1-1, 3-2aet)
2006/07
: England – Liverpool 1-1 Chelsea (1-0, 0-1aet, 4-1pens)
2004/05
: England – Liverpool 1-0 Chelsea (0-0, 1-0)
2002/03
: Italy – AC Milan 1-1 Internazionale Milano (0-0, 1-1, Milan win on away goals) 
2001/02: Spain – Real Madrid 3-1 Barcelona (2-0, 1-1)
1999/2000: Spain – Valencia 5-3 Barcelona (4-1, 1-2)

All-English final: 2008
All-English final: 2008
  • Of the six one-nation finals, none have been played in that country, while England has hosted the two that did not involve Premier League or Liga clubs (2003 at Old Trafford and 2013 at Wembley).
  • Only twice have those finals not needed at least extra time, and in 2013 that was only after a last-minute winner.

One-nation UEFA Champions League finals

2015/16: Spain – Real Madrid 1-1 Atlético Madrid (aet, 5-3pens)
2013/14: Spain – Real Madrid 4-1 Atlético Madrid (aet)
2012/13: Germany – Bayern München 2-1 Borussia Dortmund
2007/08: England –  Manchester United 1-1 Chelsea (aet, 6-5pens)
2002/03: Italy – AC Milan 0-0 Juventus (aet, 3-2pens)
1999/2000Spain – Real Madrid 3-0 Valencia

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