Bayern have been eliminated by Spanish opponents in the last four seasons, including by semi-final opponents Real Madrid in 2016/17.
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The most common fixture in European football, FC Bayern München take on Real Madrid CF for the 25th time – and the seventh in a European Cup semi-final.
• The teams met in last season's quarter-finals and it was Madrid, en route to becoming the first club to retain the trophy in the UEFA Champions League era and claiming a 12th European title overall, who came out on top. Zinédine Zidane's side won 2-1 in Munich and then 4-2 in Madrid after extra time to progress to the last four.
• This is Madrid's record eighth successive UEFA Champions League semi-final, while Bayern are in the last four for the sixth time in seven seasons.
• This is the clubs' fourth two-legged tie in seven seasons, Madrid winning two of those to Bayern's one. Overall, the teams have played in 11 previous knockout contests – all in the European Cup – Madrid winning six and Bayern five; the German club lead 4-2 in semi-final ties.
• Madrid have won their last five matches against Bayern, scoring 13 goals and conceding four.
• Cristiano Ronaldo has seven goals in his last three appearances against Bayern – and nine in six matches overall.
• In last season's quarter-finals, Bayern – then coached by Carlo Ancelotti, who had led Madrid to the 2013/14 UEFA Champions League – struck first in the home first leg through Arturo Vidal (25), who then missed a golden opportunity to double the advantage when he failed to convert a penalty in added time at the end of the first half. Ronaldo levelled two minutes into the second period and, after Bayern's Javi Martínez had been sent off for a second bookable offence (61), secured victory with his second of the night 13 minutes from time.
• The teams at the Fußball Arena München on 12 April 2017 were:
Bayern: Neuer, Lahm, Javi Martínez, Boateng, Alaba, Thiago, Xabi Alonso (Bernat 64), Ribéry (Douglas Costa 66), Robben, Vidal, Müller (Coman 81).
Madrid: Navas, Carvajal, Ramos, Nacho, Marcelo, Casemiro, Modrić (Kovačić 90+1), Kroos, Bale (Asensio 59), Benzema (James Rodríguez 83), Ronaldo.
• At the Santiago Bernabéu, Robert Lewandowski's penalty put Bayern in front (53) and, though Ronaldo restored Madrid's aggregate lead in the 76th minute, two minutes later a Sergio Ramos own goal sent the tie into extra time. Bayern played that extra period with ten men after Vidal's 84th-minute dismissal, and were made to pay as Ronaldo scored twice more to complete his hat-trick, Marco Asensio completing a 6-3 aggregate victory for Zidane's side.
• Madrid – then coached by Ancelotti – were 5-0 aggregate victors in the 2013/14 semi-finals, en route to lifting the trophy for a tenth time. Karim Benzema (19) got the only goal of the first leg in Spain against Josep Guardiola's Bayern, before Ramos (16, 20) and Ronaldo (34, 90) scored twice apiece in Munich to inflict what remains Bayern's heaviest European home defeat.
• The line-ups at the Fußball Arena München on 29 April 2014 were:
Bayern: Neuer, Lahm, Boateng, Dante, Alaba, Kroos, Schweinsteiger, Robben, Müller (Pizarro 72), Ribéry (Götze 72), Mandžukić (Javi Martínez 46).
Madrid: Casillas, Carvajal, Ramos (Varane 75), Pepe, Coentrão, Alonso, Modrić, Di María (Casemiro 84), Bale, Ronaldo, Benzema (Isco 80).
• Bayern, then as now coached by Jupp Heynckes, had come out on top when the sides met in the 2011/12 semi-finals, each recording a 2-1 home victory. Goals from Franck Ribéry (17) and Mario Gomez (90) gave Bayern the edge in Munich, despite Mesut Özil's reply (53) for Madrid.
• The teams for the first leg in Munich on 17 April 2012 were:
Bayern: Neuer, Lahm, Boateng, Badstuber, Alaba, Luiz Gustavo, Kroos, Schweinsteiger (Müller 61), Robben, Ribéry, Gomez.
Madrid: Casillas, Arbeloa, Ramos, Pepe, Coentrão, Khedira, Alonso, Di María (Granero 79), Özil (Marcelo 69), Benzema (Higuaín 84), Ronaldo.
• Back in Spain, Ronaldo scored twice early on (6pen, 14), only for Arjen Robben to respond from the penalty spot for Bayern (27). With no further goals, extra time and penalties followed, Bayern prevailing 3-1 with David Alaba, Gomez and Bastian Schweinsteiger converting for Heynckes' men; only Xabi Alonso – who later moved to Bayern – was successful for José Mourinho's Madrid. Ronaldo, Kaká and Ramos all missed for Madrid; Toni Kroos, now at Madrid, and Philipp Lahm were the Bayern failures.
• Bayern also got the better of Madrid in the 2006/07 round of 16, winning on away goals after a 4-4 aggregate draw. Madrid won 3-2 in Spain, Raúl González scoring twice, but went out after losing 2-1 in Munich, a match in which Bayern's Roy Makaay scored the fastest goal in UEFA Champions League history.
• Current Madrid coach Zinédine Zidane notched the decisive goal against Bayern in the 2003/04 round of 16, in a 1-0 second-leg win in Madrid; the first game in Munich finished 1-1.
• The clubs met in three successive UEFA Champions League campaigns between 2000 and 2002, with the winners going on to lift the trophy on each occasion. Madrid held sway in the 1999/2000 semi-finals (2-0 h, 1-2 a) and the 2001/02 quarter-finals (1-2 a, 2-0 h), Zidane playing both legs of the latter tie; Bayern were victorious in the 2000/01 semi-finals (1-0 a, 2-1 h). Bayern were superior to Madrid in the 1999/2000 second group stage, winning 4-2 in Madrid and 4-1 in Munich.
• The German side were also victorious in the teams' first two ties, in the 1975/76 semi-finals (1-1 a, 2-0 h) – when they proceeded to lift the trophy for a third year running – and at the same stage in 1986/87 (4-1 h, 0-1 a). Madrid, however, were victorious in the 1987/88 quarter-finals, 4-3 over two legs (2-3 a, 2-0 h).
• Overall there is little between the teams in their 24 previous meetings. Each has won 11 matches, with two draws; Bayern have scored 36 goals, Madrid 37.
• The duo have tended to hold the edge in their own stadium. Bayern were unbeaten at home to Madrid before that 2014 defeat but have now lost the last two; their home record against Madrid is W9 D1 L2 F25 A16. Madrid's record at home to Bayern is W9 D1 L2 F21 A11.
• Bayern are appearing in the UEFA Champions League semi-finals for the 11th time, level with FC Barcelona and fewer only than Madrid, who are in the last four for the 13th time.
• Bayern's European Cup semi-final record is W10 L8:
1973/74 Újpest FC W 4-1 (1-1 a, 3-0 h)
1974/75 AS Saint-Étienne W 2-0 (0-0 a, 2-0 h)
1975/76 Real Madrid CF W 3-1 (1-1 a, 2-0 h)
1980/81 Liverpool FC D 1-1, lost on away goals (0-0 a, 1-1 h)
1981/82 PFC CSKA Sofia W 7-4 (3-4 a, 4-0 h)
1986/87 Real Madrid CF W 4-2 (4-1 h, 0-1 a)
1989/90 AC Milan D 2-2, lost on away goals (0-1 a, 2-1 h)
1990/91 FK Crvena zvezda L 3-4 (1-2 h, 2-2 a)
1994/95 AFC Ajax L 2-5 (0-0 h, 2-5 a)
1998/99 FC Dynamo Kyiv W 4-3 (3-3 a, 1-0 h)
1999/2000 Real Madrid CF L 2-3 (0-2 a, 2-1 h)
2000/01 Real Madrid CF W 3-1 (1-0 a, 2-1 h)
2009/10 Olympique Lyonnais W 4-0 (1-0 h, 3-0 a)
2011/12 Real Madrid CF D 3-3, won 3-1 on penalties (2-1 h, 1-2 a)
2012/13 FC Barcelona W 7-0 (4-0 h, 3-0 a)
2013/14 Real Madrid CF L 0-5 (0-1 a, 0-4 h)
2014/15 FC Barcelona L 3-5 (0-3 a, 3-2 h)
2015/16 Club Atlético de Madrid D 2-2, lost on away goals (0-1 a, 2-1 h)
• Bayern have lost their last three semi-finals, having won the previous four.
• Madrid's win in Munich last season ended Bayern's UEFA Champions League record of 16 successive home victories. That was the first European game in Munich they failed to win since a 4-0 defeat by the same opponents in their 2013/14 semi-final second leg.
• That Madrid defeat also ended a run of three straight Bayern victories at home to Spanish opponents; overall Bayern's record against Liga clubs in Munich is W18 D6 L3.
• Bayern's record in two-legged ties against Spanish sides is W10 L10; they beat Sevilla FC in this season's quarter-finals (2-1 away, 0-0 home).
• The Sevilla success ended a run of four successive knockout losses in ties against Liga teams. Before losing to Madrid last season, Bayern were beaten by Club Atlético de Madrid in 2015/16, FC Barcelona in 2014/15 and Real Madrid in 2013/14 – all in the semi-finals.
• Jupp Heynckes' side recorded an 8-1 aggregate win against Beşiktaş JK in this season's round of 16, including a 5-0 win in Munich that was the biggest home first-leg victory in the UEFA Champions League knockout phase.
• Before beating Beşiktaş, the Munich club had won all three home games in Group B: 3-0 against both RSC Anderlecht and Celtic FC before a 3-1 defeat of section winners Paris Saint-Germain on matchday six. The second-leg draw with Sevilla therefore ended a run of four consecutive home wins.
• This is Madrid's 29th European Cup semi-final overall, with the record W15 L13. They have won just three of their last eight semi-final ties.
• The full breakdown of those 28 ties is:
1955/56 AC Milan W 5-4 (4-2 h, 1-2 a)
1956/57 Manchester United FC W 5-3 (3-1 h, 2-2 a)
1957/58 Vasas SC W 4-2 (4-0 h, 0-2 a)
1958/59 Club Atlético de Madrid W 2-1 replay (2-1 h, 0-1 a)
1959/60 FC Barcelona W 6-2 (3-1 h, 3-1 a)
1961/62 R. Standard de Liège W 6-0 (4-0 h, 2-0 a)
1963/64 FC Zürich W 8-1 (2-1 a, 6-0 h)
1965/66 FC Internazionale Milano W 2-1 (1-0 h, 1-1 a)
1967/68 Manchester United FC L 3-4 (0-1 a, 3-3 h)
1972 73 AFC Ajax L 1-3 (1-2 a, 0-1 h)
1975/76 FC Bayern München L 1-3 (1-1 h, 0-2 a)
1979/80 Hamburger SV L 3-5 (2-0 h, 1-5 a)
1980/81 FC Internazionale Milano W 2-1 (2-0 h, 0-1 a)
1986/87 FC Bayern München L 2-4 (1-4 a, 1-0 h)
1987/88 PSV Eindhoven L 1-1 away goals (1-1 h, 0-0 a)
1988/89 AC Milan L 1-6 (1-1 h, 0-5 a)
1997/98 Borussia Dortmund W 2-0 (2-0 h, 0-0 a)
1999/00 FC Bayern München W 3-2 (2-0 h, 1-2 a)
2000/01 FC Bayern München L 1-3 (0-1 h, 1-2 a)
2001/02 FC Barcelona W 3-1 (2-0 a, 1-1 h)
2002/03 Juventus L 3-4 (2-1 h, 1-3 a)
2010/11 FC Barcelona L 1-3 (0-2 h, 1-1 a)
2011/12 FC Bayern München, L 1-3 on penalties (1-2 a, 2-1 h)
2012/13 Borussia Dortmund L 3-4 (1-4 a, 2-0 h)
2013/14 FC Bayern München W 5-0 (1-0 h, 4-0 a)
2014/15 Juventus L 2-3 (1-2 a, 1-1 h)
2015/16 Manchester City FC W 1-0 (0-0 a, 1-0 h)
2016/17 Club Atlético de Madrid W 4-2 (3-0 h, 1-2 a)
• Madrid have won their last two semi-final ties, having lost five of the previous six.
• The 12-time European champions have won 149 UEFA Champions League matches – their next victory will make them the first team to 150.
• Madrid reached the last four in dramatic circumstances, winning 3-0 in the quarter-final first leg at Juventus only to fall three goals behind in the Bernabéu return – before Ronaldo converted an added-time penalty to take them through.
• The Juventus defeat was only Madrid's third in their last 29 European fixtures, winning 20 and drawing six. Those draws include the 2016 final against Atlético Madrid, which Madrid won on penalties in Milan.
• This season, Madrid's first away game in Group H was a 3-1 success at Dortmund on matchday two, but they lost by the same scoreline at Tottenham before a 6-0 victory at APOEL – their biggest UEFA Champions League away win. They beat Paris Saint-Germain 5-2 on aggregate in the round of 16 (3-1 home, 2-1 away).
• Zidane's team have lost two of their last six European away games. The 2-1 defeat at Atlético in last season's semi-final second leg (4-2 aggregate) ended Madrid's six-game unbeaten away run in the UEFA Champions League (W3 D3). They have now lost three of their last 17 away matches, the other a 2-0 reverse at Wolfsburg in the 2015/16 quarter-final first leg; they won ten of those games.
• This season Ronaldo became the first player to score in all six group games, registering nine goals overall. He also struck in each leg of both the last 16 and the quarter-final, meaning he has continued his record of finding the net in every game this season and is the competition's top scorer with 15 goals. The only player to have bettered that total is Ronaldo himself, with 17 goals in 2013/14 and 16 in 2015/16.
• The holders have already won in Germany this season, beating Borussia Dortmund 3-1 on matchday two; the Spanish side won the return fixture 3-2 in December.
• Overall, their record in Germany is W6 D7 L19 – five of those wins coming in their last eight visits.
• Madrid's record in two-legged ties with German clubs in UEFA competition is W17 L8. They have won each of their last six ties against German opposition, scoring 31 goals in the process; their last defeat came against Dortmund in the 2012/13 semi-finals (1-4 away, 2-0 home) when Robert Lewandowski scored all four goals for the German club in their first-leg win.
Coach and player links
• Heynckes coached Real Madrid in 1997/98, leading the club to their seventh European Cup – and their first since 1966.
• Heynckes also had spells in charge of Spanish sides Athletic Club (1992–94, 2001–03) and CD Tenerife (1995–97). As a coach, his record against Madrid is W5 D4 L7.
• Heynckes scored both goals for West Germany in a 2-1 friendly win against Spain on 24 November 1973.
• James Rodríguez is in the first year of a two-season loan at Bayern from Madrid. The Colombian made 77 Liga appearances for Madrid between 2014 and 2017, scoring 28 times.
• Arjen Robben played for Real Madrid between 2007 and 2009, making 50 Liga outings and scoring 11 goals.
• Toni Kroos played 130 Bundesliga games for Bayern between 2007 and 2014, claiming 13 goals.
• Vidal notched Juve's opening goal from the penalty spot in a 2-2 group stage draw with Madrid in 2013/14. Benzema was on target in Olympique Lyonnais' 3-2 home loss to Bayern in the 2008/09 group stage.
• Have also played in Spain:
Javi Martínez, Athletic Club (2006–12 – W1 L13 v Madrid with Athletic and Bayern)
Juan Bernat, Valencia CF (2011–14 – D1 L2 v Madrid)
Thiago Alcántara, FC Barcelona (2009–13 – W1 D3 L3 v Madrid)
• Have also played in Germany:
Dani Carvajal, Bayer 04 Leverkusen (2012/13 – W1 L2 v Bayern)
Jesús Vallejo, Eintracht Frankfurt (2016/17 – D1 v Bayern)
Borja Mayoral, VfL Wolfsburg (2016/17 – L2 v Bayern)
• International team-mates:
Javi Martínez, Thiago Alcántara, Juan Bernat & Dani Carvajal, Nacho, Sergio Ramos, Isco, Lucas Vázquez (Spain)
Manuel Neuer, Mats Hummels, Joshua Kimmich, Jérôme Boateng, Thomas Müller & Toni Kroos (Germany)
Kingsley Coman, Corentin Tolisso & Raphaël Varane, Karim Benzema (France)
• Bayern made it a record six Bundesliga titles in a row with a 4-1 win at FC Augsburg on 7 April, claiming the championship with five games to spare. They were 3-0 winners at Hannover 96 on Saturday.
• On 17 April Bayern reached the German Cup final for the 22nd time, thanks to a 6-2 win at Bayer 04 Leverkusen, with Thomas Müller scoring a hat-trick. They will play Eintracht Frankfurt in the final on 19 May.
• Three days earlier Bayern had overcome VfL Borussia Mönchengladbach 5-1 at home, Sandro Wagner scoring twice. The January signing has eight goals in his last 11 Bayern appearances.
• On 13 April Bayern confirmed that Eintracht Frankfurt's Niko Kovač, a player for the club from 2001 to 2003, will succeed Jupp Heynckes as coach in the summer; the Croatian has signed a three-year contract.
• Bayern have won three of their last 16 games 6-0. They have scored 69 goals in their 20 fixtures in 2018.
• The Munich club's home record this season is W18 D3 L0 with 67 goals scored and 12 conceded. They have kept 12 clean sheets.
• After 18 games without defeat in all competitions (W17 D1) and eight successive wins away from home, Bayern lost 2-1 at RB Leipzig on 18 March. They have won six of their seven games since, drawing the other.
• All four of Bayern's defeats this season have come away from home; at Paris in the group stage and TSG 1899 Hoffenheim, Mönchengladbach and Leipzig in the Bundesliga.
• Robert Lewandowski has registered 18 goals for Bayern in 17 competitive games in 2018, and has scored 25 goals in 21 home matches this season.
• Lewandowski scored in each of Bayern's first 11 Bundesliga home games this term to become only the second player ever to achieve this feat – after his current coach Heynckes, for Borussia Mönchengladbach in 1972/73.
• Arturo Vidal, who has been out since the first leg at Sevilla FC on 3 April, underwent knee surgery on 16 April and will be out for the rest of the season.
• Corentin Tolisso has been out since 14 April due to a shin problem; David Alaba (back) missed the Hannover game.
• On 24 February Kingsley Coman suffered an ankle injury against Hertha BSC Berlin that required surgery and has not played since.
• Manuel Neuer has been out since 18 September following his second metatarsal break, but is back in full training.
• Sergio Ramos is available again after serving a one-match ban.
• The quarter-final second leg against Juventus was Cristiano Ronaldo's 150th appearance in the UEFA Champions League, group stage to final. Only two players have made more – Iker Casillas (167) and Xavi Hernández (151).
• Ronaldo has scored 25 goals in his last 15 UEFA Champions League games, and is the sole Madrid player to have played every minute in this season's competition.
• Ronaldo has scored 15 goals in this season's competition – seven more than any other player. He has had 32 shots on target, 28 shots off target and 12 blocked, all also competition highs.
• The Portuguese star has scored in his last 12 Madrid games, 22 goals in total, and has 28 in his last 17 matches for club and country. Ronaldo has scored 24 of Madrid's last 50 goals.
• Zinédine Zidane's side have won only one of their last four games in all competitions (D2 L1).
• Madrid, who were without a fixture at the weekend, have kept only four clean sheets in their last 24 games in all competitions.
• Madrid have lost only one of their last 16 away matches in all competitions (W11 D4), going down 1-0 at RCD Espanyol on 27 February. That was the last game in which Madrid failed to score, and the only one of their last 21 fixtures in which they failed to find the net.
• Nacho has not played since 31 March due to a muscle injury.
• Madrid lifted the FIFA Club World Cup for the second year in a row – and the third time in four years – with a 1-0 defeat of Brazil's Grêmio FBPA on 17 December. Ronaldo scored the winner having also been on target in the 2-1 semi-final win against Al Jazira Club of the UAE.