For the second time in 12 months, Real Madrid welcome Bayern München for a second leg defending a 2-1 advantage earned in Germany.
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Real Madrid CF are within sight of a third consecutive UEFA Champions League final as they welcome FC Bayern München for a second leg seeking to build on a 2-1 away victory.
• In Munich on 25 April, Bayern struck first through Joshua Kimmich, only for Marcelo to level shortly before half-time, Marco Asensio coming off the bench to tilt the tie in favour of the holders with the winner just before the hour.
• Only twice in UEFA Champions League history have a team overhauled a first-leg home defeat to win the tie, and Bayern have painful memories of the more recent case having been beaten by FC Internazionale Milano in the 2010/11 round of 16 (1-0 away, 2-3 home). That followed AFC Ajax's comeback against Panathinaikos FC in the 1995/96 semi-finals (0-1 h, 3-0 a).
• This is the teams' 26th fixture – a record in UEFA club competition – and their seventh European Cup semi-final.
• The teams met in last season's quarter-finals and it was Madrid, en route to becoming the first team to retain the trophy in the UEFA Champions League era and claiming a 12th European title overall, who came out on top. Zinédine Zidane's side won, as now, 2-1 in Munich and then 4-2 in Madrid after extra time to progress to the last four.
• This is Madrid's record eighth successive UEFA Champions League semi-final, while Bayern are in the last four for the sixth time in seven seasons.
• This is the clubs' fourth two-legged tie in seven seasons, Madrid winning two of those to Bayern's one. Overall, the teams have played in 11 previous knockout contests – all in the European Cup – Madrid winning six and Bayern five; the German club lead 4-2 in semi-final ties.
• Madrid have won their last six matches against Bayern, scoring 15 goals and conceding five.
• Cristiano Ronaldo failed to score in the first leg but still has seven goals in his last four appearances against Bayern – and nine in seven matches overall.
• In last season's quarter-finals, Bayern – then coached by Carlo Ancelotti, who had led Madrid to the 2013/14 UEFA Champions League title – struck first in the home first leg through Arturo Vidal (25), who then missed a golden opportunity to double the advantage when he failed to convert a penalty in added time at the end of the first half. Ronaldo levelled two minutes into the second period and, after Bayern's Javi Martínez had been sent off for a second bookable offence (61), secured victory with his second of the night 13 minutes from time.
• At the Santiago Bernabéu, Robert Lewandowski's penalty put Bayern in front (53) and, though Ronaldo restored Madrid's aggregate lead in the 76th minute, two minutes later a Sergio Ramos own goal sent the tie into extra time. Bayern played that extra period with ten men after Vidal's 84th-minute dismissal, and were made to pay as Ronaldo scored twice more to complete his hat-trick, Marco Asensio completing a 6-3 aggregate victory for Zidane's side.
• The line-ups in Madrid on 18 April 2017 were:
Madrid: Navas, Carvajal, Nacho, Ramos, Marcelo, Modrić, Casemiro, Kroos (Kovačić 114), Isco (Vázquez 71), Benzema (Asensio 114), Ronaldo.
Bayern: Neuer, Lahm, Hummels, Boateng, Alaba, Alonso (Müller 75), Thiago, Vidal, Ribéry (Douglas Costa 71), Robben, Lewandowski (Kimmich 88).
• Ancelotti's Madrid were 5-0 aggregate victors in the 2013/14 semi-finals, en route to lifting the trophy for a tenth time. Karim Benzema (19) got the only goal of the first leg in Spain against Josep Guardiola's Bayern.
• The teams at the Santiago Bernabéu on 23 April 2014 were:
Madrid: Casillas, Carvajal, Ramos, Pepe (Varane 73), Coentrão, Alonso, Isco (Illarramendi 82), Modrić, Di María, Ronaldo (Bale 73), Benzema.
Bayern: Neuer, Lahm, Boateng, Dante, Alaba, Rafinha (Javi Martínez 66), Schweinsteiger (Müller 74), Kroos, Robben, Ribéry (Götze 72), Mandžukić.
• In the second leg, Ramos (16, 20) and Ronaldo (34, 90) scored twice apiece in Munich to inflict what remains Bayern's heaviest European home defeat.
• Bayern, then as now coached by Jupp Heynckes, had come out on top when the sides met in the 2011/12 semi-finals, each recording a 2-1 home victory. Goals from Franck Ribéry (17) and Mario Gomez (90) gave Bayern the edge in Munich, despite Mesut Özil's reply (53) for Madrid.
• Back in Spain, Ronaldo scored twice early on (6pen, 14), only for Arjen Robben to respond from the penalty spot for Bayern (27). With no further goals, extra time and penalties followed, Bayern prevailing 3-1 with David Alaba, Gomez and Bastian Schweinsteiger converting for Heynckes' men; only Xabi Alonso – who later moved to Bayern – was successful for José Mourinho's Madrid. Ronaldo, Kaká and Ramos all missed for Madrid; Toni Kroos, now at Madrid, and Philipp Lahm were the Bayern failures.
• The teams for the second leg in Madrid on 25 April 2012 were:
Madrid: Casillas, Arbeloa, Ramos, Pepe, Marcelo, Khedira, Alonso, Di María (Kaká 75), Özil (Granero 111), Benzema (Higuaín 106), Ronaldo.
Bayern: Neuer, Lahm, Boateng, Badstuber, Alaba, Luiz Gustavo, Kroos, Schweinsteiger, Robben, Ribéry (Müller 95), Gomez.
• Bayern also got the better of Madrid in the 2006/07 round of 16, winning on away goals after a 4-4 aggregate draw. Madrid won 3-2 in Spain, Raúl González scoring twice, but went out after losing 2-1 in Munich, a match in which Bayern's Roy Makaay scored the fastest goal in UEFA Champions League history (10.12 seconds).
• Current Madrid coach Zinédine Zidane notched the decisive goal against Bayern in the 2003/04 round of 16, in a 1-0 second-leg win in Madrid; the first game in Munich finished 1-1.
• The clubs met in three successive UEFA Champions League campaigns between 2000 and 2002, with the winners going on to lift the trophy on each occasion. Madrid held sway in the 1999/2000 semi-finals (2-0 h, 1-2 a) and the 2001/02 quarter-finals (1-2 a, 2-0 h), Zidane playing both legs of the latter tie; Bayern were victorious in the 2000/01 semi-finals (1-0 a, 2-1 h). Bayern were superior to Madrid in the 1999/2000 second group stage, winning 4-2 in Madrid and 4-1 in Munich.
• The German side were also victorious in the teams' first two ties, in the 1975/76 semi-finals (1-1 a, 2-0 h) – when they proceeded to lift the trophy for a third year running – and at the same stage in 1986/87 (4-1 h, 0-1 a). Madrid, however, were victorious in the 1987/88 quarter-finals, 4-3 over two legs (2-3 a, 2-0 h).
• Overall there is little between the teams in their 25 previous meetings. Madrid have won 12 to Bayern's 11, with two draws; Madrid have scored 39 goals, Bayern 37.
• The duo have tended to hold the edge in their own stadium. Bayern were unbeaten at home to Madrid before that 2014 defeat but have now lost the last three; their home record against Madrid is W9 D1 L3 F26 A18. Madrid's record at home to Bayern is W9 D1 L2 F21 A11.
• This is Madrid's 29th European Cup semi-final overall, with the record W15 L13. They have won just three of their last eight semi-final ties.
• The full breakdown of those 28 ties is:
1955/56 AC Milan W 5-4 (4-2 h, 1-2 a)
1956/57 Manchester United FC W 5-3 (3-1 h, 2-2 a)
1957/58 Vasas SC W 4-2 (4-0 h, 0-2 a)
1958/59 Club Atlético de Madrid W 2-1 replay (2-1 h, 0-1 a)
1959/60 FC Barcelona W 6-2 (3-1 h, 3-1 a)
1961/62 R. Standard de Liège W 6-0 (4-0 h, 2-0 a)
1963/64 FC Zürich W 8-1 (2-1 a, 6-0 h)
1965/66 FC Internazionale Milano W 2-1 (1-0 h, 1-1 a)
1967/68 Manchester United FC L 3-4 (0-1 a, 3-3 h)
1972 73 AFC Ajax L 1-3 (1-2 a, 0-1 h)
1975/76 FC Bayern München L 1-3 (1-1 h, 0-2 a)
1979/80 Hamburger SV L 3-5 (2-0 h, 1-5 a)
1980/81 FC Internazionale Milano W 2-1 (2-0 h, 0-1 a)
1986/87 FC Bayern München L 2-4 (1-4 a, 1-0 h)
1987/88 PSV Eindhoven L 1-1 away goals (1-1 h, 0-0 a)
1988/89 AC Milan L 1-6 (1-1 h, 0-5 a)
1997/98 Borussia Dortmund W 2-0 (2-0 h, 0-0 a)
1999/00 FC Bayern München W 3-2 (2-0 h, 1-2 a)
2000/01 FC Bayern München L 1-3 (0-1 h, 1-2 a)
2001/02 FC Barcelona W 3-1 (2-0 a, 1-1 h)
2002/03 Juventus L 3-4 (2-1 h, 1-3 a)
2010/11 FC Barcelona L 1-3 (0-2 h, 1-1 a)
2011/12 FC Bayern München, L 1-3 on penalties (1-2 a, 2-1 h)
2012/13 Borussia Dortmund L 3-4 (1-4 a, 2-0 h)
2013/14 FC Bayern München W 5-0 (1-0 h, 4-0 a)
2014/15 Juventus L 2-3 (1-2 a, 1-1 h)
2015/16 Manchester City FC W 1-0 (0-0 a, 1-0 h)
2016/17 Club Atlético de Madrid W 4-2 (3-0 h, 1-2 a)
• Madrid have won their last two semi-final ties, having lost five of the previous six.
• The 12-time European champions became the first team to win 150 UEFA Champions League matches with their first-leg victory. This match is their 250th in the UEFA Champions League, group stage to final; they are also the first club to reach that landmark.
• Madrid reached the last four in dramatic circumstances, winning 3-0 in the quarter-final first leg at Juventus only to fall three goals behind in the Bernabéu return – before Ronaldo converted an added-time penalty to take them through. That 3-1 defeat at the Bernabéu ended Madrid's 18-match unbeaten home run in the UEFA Champions League (W15 D3).
• The Juventus defeat was only Madrid's third in their last 30 European fixtures, winning 21 and drawing six. Those draws include the 2016 final against Atlético Madrid, which Madrid won on penalties in Milan.
• The Merengues have won 34 of their last 41 UEFA Champions League home matches, losing just two – 4-3 to FC Schalke 04 in their 2014/15 round of 16 second leg and against Juventus. They still won both ties on aggregate.
• The holders have already won at home to German visitors this season, beating Borussia Dortmund 3-2 on matchday six; Madrid had won the away fixture 3-1 in September.
• Madrid's home record against Bundesliga clubs is W25 D5 L3. That 2015 defeat by Schalke was Madrid's sole reverse in their last 17 home games against German teams (W13 D3). Ronaldo hit another hat-trick against VfL Wolfsburg, for a 3-0 win in the 2015/16 quarter-final which overturned a 2-0 first-leg deficit.
• Madrid's record in two-legged ties with German clubs in UEFA competition is W17 L8. They have won each of their last six ties against German opposition, scoring 31 goals in the process; their last defeat came against Dortmund in the 2012/13 semi-finals (1-4 away, 2-0 home) when Robert Lewandowski scored all four goals for the German club in their first-leg win.
• Zidane's charges collected seven points at home in this season's competition, beating APOEL 3-0 and Dortmund either side of a 1-1 draw against Tottenham. They beat Paris Saint-Germain 5-2 on aggregate in the round of 16 (3-1 home, 2-1 away).
• This season Ronaldo became the first player to score in all six group games, registering nine goals overall. He also struck in each leg of both the last 16 and the quarter-final, meaning he had scored in every game this season before drawing a blank in the first leg; he is the competition's top scorer with 15 goals. The only player to have bettered that total is Ronaldo himself, with 17 goals in 2013/14 and 16 in 2015/16.
• Madrid have lost only one of the 33 UEFA competition ties in which they won the first leg away from home, including beating Bayern in last season's quarter-finals (2-1 away, 4-2 home aet) and Juventus at the same stage this year (3-0 away, 1-3 home). The exception came against Odense BK in the 1994/95 UEFA Cup third round when a 3-2 away success preceded a 2-0 home reverse.
• Madrid's shoot-out record in European competition is W2 L2:
5-3 v Club Atlético de Madrid, 2015/16 UEFA Champions League final
1-3 v FC Bayern München, 2011/12 UEFA Champions League semi-final
3-1 v Juventus, 1986/87 European Cup second round
5-6 v FK Crvena zvezda, 1974/75 European Cup Winners' Cup quarter-final
• Bayern are appearing in the UEFA Champions League semi-finals for the 11th time, level with FC Barcelona and fewer only than Madrid, who are in the last four for the 13th time.
• Bayern's European Cup semi-final record is W10 L8:
1973/74 Újpest FC W 4-1 (1-1 a, 3-0 h)
1974/75 AS Saint-Étienne W 2-0 (0-0 a, 2-0 h)
1975/76 Real Madrid CF W 3-1 (1-1 a, 2-0 h)
1980/81 Liverpool FC D 1-1, lost on away goals (0-0 a, 1-1 h)
1981/82 PFC CSKA Sofia W 7-4 (3-4 a, 4-0 h)
1986/87 Real Madrid CF W 4-2 (4-1 h, 0-1 a)
1989/90 AC Milan D 2-2, lost on away goals (0-1 a, 2-1 h)
1990/91 FK Crvena zvezda L 3-4 (1-2 h, 2-2 a)
1994/95 AFC Ajax L 2-5 (0-0 h, 2-5 a)
1998/99 FC Dynamo Kyiv W 4-3 (3-3 a, 1-0 h)
1999/2000 Real Madrid CF L 2-3 (0-2 a, 2-1 h)
2000/01 Real Madrid CF W 3-1 (1-0 a, 2-1 h)
2009/10 Olympique Lyonnais W 4-0 (1-0 h, 3-0 a)
2011/12 Real Madrid CF D 3-3, won 3-1 on penalties (2-1 h, 1-2 a)
2012/13 FC Barcelona W 7-0 (4-0 h, 3-0 a)
2013/14 Real Madrid CF L 0-5 (0-1 a, 0-4 h)
2014/15 FC Barcelona L 3-5 (0-3 a, 3-2 h)
2015/16 Club Atlético de Madrid D 2-2, lost on away goals (0-1 a, 2-1 h)
• Bayern have lost their last three semi-finals, having won the previous four.
• Madrid's win in Munich last season ended Bayern's UEFA Champions League record of 16 successive home victories. That was the first European game in Munich they failed to win since a 4-0 defeat by the same opponents in their 2013/14 semi-final second leg.
• Bayern's record in two-legged ties against Spanish sides is W10 L10; they beat Sevilla FC in this season's quarter-finals (2-1 away, 0-0 home).
• The Sevilla success ended a run of four successive knockout losses in ties against Liga teams. Before losing to Madrid last season, Bayern were beaten by Club Atlético de Madrid in 2015/16, FC Barcelona in 2014/15 and Real Madrid in 2013/14 – all in the semi-finals.
• Overall Bayern's away record against Spanish clubs is W7 D5 L15. The win at Sevilla ended a run of five successive losses in Spain.
• Heynckes' side reached this stage with an 8-1 aggregate win against Beşiktaş JK in the round of 16, including a 5-0 win in Munich that was the biggest home first-leg victory in the UEFA Champions League knockout phase, before overcoming Sevilla.
• Beaten 3-0 at eventual Group B winners Paris Saint-Germain on matchday two, prompting the departure of coach Carlo Ancelotti, Bayern's subsequent 2-1 wins at both Celtic FC and RSC Anderlecht, and triumphs at Beşiktaş and Sevilla in the knockouts, mean they have recorded seven victories in their last 14 European away games – with five losses – winning the last four.
• Under Ancelotti, Bayern came second in their group behind Atlético Madrid in 2016/17 – the first time they had failed to win their section since 2009/10, and repeated this season.
• Bayern have lost five home first legs in UEFA competition and won two of those ties on aggregate, their most recent such victory coming against FC Lokomotiv Moskva in the 1995/96 UEFA Cup first round (0-1 h, 5-0 a). All three aggregate defeats came when the first match finished 2-1 to the visitors, however; against Norwich City in the 1993/94 UEFA Cup second round (1-1 a), FK Crvena zvezda in the 1990/91 European Champion Clubs' Cup semi-finals (2-2 a) and against Madrid last season.
• Bayern's penalty shoot-out record in UEFA competition is W5 L1:
5-4 v Chelsea FC, 2013 UEFA Super Cup
3-4 v Chelsea FC, 2011/12 UEFA Champions League final
3-1 v Real Madrid CF, 2011/12 UEFA Champions League semi-final
5-4 v Valencia CF, 2000/01 UEFA Champions League final
9-8 v PAOK FC, 1983/84 UEFA Cup second round
4-3 v Åtvidabergs FF, 1973/74 European Cup first round
Coach and player links
• Heynckes coached Real Madrid in 1997/98, leading the club to their seventh European Cup – and their first since 1966.
• Heynckes also had spells in charge of Spanish sides Athletic Club (1992–94, 2001–03) and CD Tenerife (1995–97). As a coach, his record against Madrid is W5 D4 L8.
• Heynckes scored both goals for West Germany in a 2-1 friendly win against Spain on 24 November 1973.
• James Rodríguez is in the first year of a two-season loan at Bayern from Madrid. The Colombian made 77 Liga appearances for Madrid between 2014 and 2017, scoring 28 times.
• Arjen Robben played for Real Madrid between 2007 and 2009, making 50 Liga outings and scoring 11 goals.
• Toni Kroos played 130 Bundesliga games for Bayern between 2007 and 2014, claiming 13 goals.
• Vidal notched Juve's opening goal from the penalty spot in a 2-2 group stage draw with Madrid in 2013/14. Benzema was on target in Olympique Lyonnais' 3-2 home loss to Bayern in the 2008/09 group stage.
• Have also played in Spain:
Javi Martínez, Athletic Club (2006–12 – W1 L10 v Madrid)
Juan Bernat, Valencia CF (2011–14 – D1 L2 v Madrid)
Thiago Alcántara, FC Barcelona (2009–13 – W1 D3 L3 v Madrid)
• Have also played in Germany:
Dani Carvajal, Bayer 04 Leverkusen (2012/13 – W1 L2 v Bayern)
Jesús Vallejo, Eintracht Frankfurt (2016/17 – D1 v Bayern)
Borja Mayoral, VfL Wolfsburg (2016/17 – L2 v Bayern)
• International team-mates:
Dani Carvajal, Nacho, Sergio Ramos, Isco, Lucas Vázquez & Javi Martínez, Thiago Alcántara, Juan Bernat (Spain)
Toni Kroos & Manuel Neuer, Mats Hummels, Joshua Kimmich, Jérôme Boateng, Thomas Müller (Germany)
Raphaël Varane, Karim Benzema & Kingsley Coman, Corentin Tolisso (France)
• The first leg was Cristiano Ronaldo's 151st appearance in the UEFA Champions League, group stage to final, moving him level with Xavi Hernández. Only Iker Casillas (167) has made more.
• Ronaldo's run of scoring in every game in this season's competition – a run of ten matches, 11 including last season's final – ended in the first leg. He has nevertheless scored 25 goals in his last 16 UEFA Champions League games, and is the sole Madrid player to have played every minute in this season's competition.
• Ronaldo has scored 15 goals in this season's competition – five more than any other player. He has had 32 shots on target and 30 shots off target, both also competition highs.
• The Portuguese star, who was rested for Saturday's 2-1 home win against CD Leganés, had scored in 12 successive Madrid games before drawing a blank in Munich, 22 goals in total, and has 28 in his last 18 matches for club and country. Ronaldo has scored 24 of Madrid's last 54 goals.
• Marcelo has scored in all three knockout ties this season; the full-back's last five UEFA Champions League goals have all come in the knockout rounds.
• Borja Mayoral scored his first league goal since 17 September against Leganés. Gareth Bale was also on target, and now has six goals in his last nine Liga matches.
• Madrid have lost one of their last 12 games in all competitions, winning nine.
• Before the 1-1 draw with Club Atlético de Madrid on 8 April, Madrid had won five successive home matches in all competitions, but had failed to win in three before the weekend (D2 L1). Their record at the Santiago Bernabéu this season is W15 D7 L5.
• Zinédine Zidane's side have scored 34 goals in their last 11 home matches in all competitions. Overall this season they have managed 66 home goals, conceding 33.
• The Merengues have kept only four clean sheets in their last 26 games in all competitions, and one in the last 14 at home.
• The 1-0 defeat at RCD Espanyol on 27 February is the last game in which Madrid failed to score, and the only one of their last 23 fixtures in which they failed to find the net.
• Nacho has not played since 31 March due to a muscle injury. Dani Carvajal had to be replaced during the first leg.
• Madrid lifted the FIFA Club World Cup for the second year in a row – and the third time in four years – with a 1-0 defeat of Brazil's Grêmio FBPA on 17 December. Ronaldo scored the winner having also been on target in the 2-1 semi-final win ag