Competition facts

UEFA Champions League: Did you know?

Overall records
• In 2016/17 Real Madrid became the first team to successfully defend the UEFA Champions League trophy, with AC Milan (1989, 1990) the previous club to win consecutive European Cups. Milan (1994, 1995), Ajax (1995, 1996), Juventus (1996, 1997) and Manchester United (2008, 2009) have all returned to the UEFA Champions League final as holders only to lose.

• Real Madrid then made it three wins in a row in 2017/18, becoming the fourth club to win three or more successive titles in European Cup history, and the first to do it twice.

• Only two teams have ever won the UEFA Champions League on home soil: Borussia Dortmund (1997, final in Munich) and Juventus (1996, final in Rome), while Manchester United lost the 2011 final in London and 12 months later Bayern were beaten in the showpiece in their own stadium, the Fußball Arena München.

• Spain are the most successful nation with 11 triumphs, six more than Italy. Spain's wins – 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 – came from 16 final dates while Italy were victorious in 1994, 1996, 2003, 2007 and 2010 from their 13 appearances. England emerged victorious in 1999, 2005, 2008 and 2012 and were losing finalists in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011 and 2018 while Germany were winners in 1997, 2001 and 2013 and runners-up in 1999, 2002, 2010, 2012 and 2013.

• Real Madrid made their seventh appearance in 2018, a new UEFA Champions League record and surpassing the mark of AC Milan and Juventus. Madrid (1998, 2000, 2002, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018) have seven final victories, three more than Barcelona (2006, 2009, 2011, 2015) with Milan on three (1994, 2003, 2007).

• Spain have the most appearances per nation in all-time European Cup finals with 29, one more than Italy; Spain has 18 wins from those 29 final appearances while Italy has recorded 12 victories and 16 defeats. England has 12 wins from 20 final appearances, with Germany on 17 appearances (seven wins), Portugal nine (four wins) and the Netherlands eight (six wins).

• There have been six finals between teams from the same country. In 2000 Real Madrid beat Valencia 3-0 at the Stade de France; three years later Milan defeated Juventus on penalties at Old Trafford; in 2008 Manchester United overcame Chelsea in Moscow, also on spot kicks; in 2013 Bayern München beat Borussia Dortmund 2-1 at Wembley. Then in 2014, Real Madrid overcame Atlético Madrid 4-1 after extra time in Lisbon in the first European final between teams from the same city, and again beat their neighbours, this time on penalties, in Milan two years later.

• In the previous 26 UEFA Champions League finals, there have been 19 outright wins and seven matches decided on shoot-outs. A total of 74 goals have been scored with the most common results being 2-1 and 1-1, which have each happened on five occasions; three finals have finished 1-0.

• Seventeen European Cup finals have gone to extra time, including the 2016 decider. The finals of 1958, 1968, 1970, 1992 and 2014 were decided in the additional period, while the 1974 showpiece between Bayern and Atlético Madrid ended 1-1 after 120 minutes with Bayern winning a replay. The other 11 finals were settled by a penalty shoot-out after extra time: in 1984, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2012 and 2016, when Real Madrid defeated Atlético 5-3 in the shoot-out after a 1-1 draw.

• Milan's 4-0 win against Barcelona in the 1994 final remains the biggest winning margin in a UEFA Champions League final and the Rossoneri were also involved in the highest scoring showpiece when they shared six goals with Liverpool in 2005 before penalties. In terms of the European Cup, Madrid's 7-3 defeat of Eintracht Frankfurt in 1960 remains the most impressive while Bayern (1974 v Atlético Madrid) and Milan (1989 v Steaua Bucureşti) also recorded 4-0 successes.

• No player has scored a hat-trick in a UEFA Champions League final. Daniele Massaro (Milan 1994), Karl-Heinz Riedle (Borussia Dortmund 1997), Hernán Crespo (Milan 2005), Filippo Inzaghi (Milan 2007), Diego Milito (Internazionale Milano 2010), Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid 2017) and Gareth Bale (Real Madrid 2018) all struck twice. In European Cup terms, Ferenc Puskás scored four goals in Madrid's 7-3 defeat of Eintracht Frankfurt in 1960, when Alfredo Di Stéfano found the net three times; Puskás scored another final hat-trick in 1962, with Pierino Prati (Milan 1969) the only other player to have managed a final hat-trick.

• In 2017, Cristiano Ronaldo became the first player to find the net in three UEFA Champions League finals, having previously scored for Manchester United in 2008 and Real Madrid in 2014. Raúl González (Madrid 2000 and 2002), Samuel Eto'o (Barcelona 2006 and 2009), Lionel Messi (Barcelona 2009 and 2011), Sergio Ramos (Real Madrid 2014, 2016), Mario Mandžukić (Bayern München 2013, Juventus 2017) and Gareth Bale (Real Madrid 2014, 2018) have scored in two UEFA Champions League finals – part of an exclusive club of 20 players to have found the net in more than one European Cup showpiece. Di Stéfano and Puskás lead the list having each scored seven goals for Madrid.

• Paolo Maldini's goal 51 seconds into the 2005 showpiece is the fastest in a UEFA Champions League final.

• Jens Lehmann (2006), Didier Drogba (2008) and Juan Cuadrado (2017) are the only players to be dismissed in a European Cup final.

• Clarence Seedorf is the only player to lift the European Cup with three clubs (Ajax 1995, Real Madrid 1998, Milan 2003, 2007). Bob Paisley (Liverpool 1977, 1978, 1981) was the first coach to win three times, a feat Carlo Ancelotti (Milan 2003, 2007, Real Madrid 2014) and Zinédine Zidane (2016, 2017, 2018) have replicated.

• In 2014 Ancelotti also became the fifth coach to win the trophy with two clubs; Ottmar Hitzfeld (Borussia Dortmund 1997, Bayern 2001), Ernst Happel (Feyenoord 1970, Hamburg 1983), José Mourinho (Porto 2004, Internazionale 2010) and Jupp Heynckes (Real Madrid 1998, Bayern 2013) had previously achieved the feat.

• Seven people have won the trophy as both a player and a coach: Miguel Muñoz (Real Madrid 1956, 1957 (player); Real Madrid 1960, 1966 (coach); Giovanni Trapattoni (AC Milan 1963, 1969; Juventus 1985); Johan Cruyff (Ajax 1971, 1972, 1973; Barcelona 1992); Carlo Ancelotti (AC Milan 1989, 1990; AC Milan 2003, 2007, Real Madrid 2014); Frank Rijkaard (AC Milan 1989, 1990, Ajax 1995; Barcelona 2006); Josep Guardiola (Barcelona 1992; Barcelona 2009, 2011); Zinédine Zidane (Real Madrid 2002; Real Madrid 2016, 2017, 2018).

Goalscoring records
• Lionel Messi became the first player to score five goals in a match in Barcelona's 7-1 win against Bayer Leverkusen on 7 March 2012, a feat matched by Shakhtar Donetsk's Luiz Adriano at BATE Borisov on 21 October 2014. Eleven more players, also including Messi, have scored four times in a game, most recently Cristiano Ronaldo for Real Madrid on matchday six in 2015/16.

• Cristiano Ronaldo set a new record for a UEFA Champions League group stage with 11 goals in 2015/16, eclipsing his own mark of nine in 2013/14, which Luiz Adriano matched in 2014/15 and Ronaldo himself equalled in 2017/18. Lionel Messi got ten goals in 2016/17; Zlatan Ibrahimović (2013/14), Ruud van Nistelrooy (2004/05), Filippo Inzaghi, Hernán Crespo (both 2002/03) and Robert Lewandowski (2018/19) managed eight.

• Messi's hat-trick against PSV Eindhoven on matchday one of the 2018/19 competition was his eighth in the competition, a mark Ronaldo matched against Atlético Madrid in that season's round of 16 second leg.

Oldest and youngest players
• Lazio goalkeeper Marco Ballotta is the oldest player to compete in the UEFA Champions League having featured against Real Madrid on matchday six in 2007/08 aged 43 years and 252 days. Alessandro Costacurta is the oldest outfield player; the Milan defender was 40 years and 211 days when he played against AEK Athens in 2006/07.

• Francesco Totti is the oldest player to score in the competition, aged 38 years and 59 days, in Roma's 1-1 draw at CSKA Moskva on 25 November 2014. Ryan Giggs (37 years 290 days) was the previous record holder.

• Celestine Babayaro is the youngest player to have appeared; he was 16 years and 87 days when he started for Anderlecht against Steaua Bucureşti on 23 November 1994. He was sent off in the 37th minute.

• Peter Ofori-Quaye is the youngest player to have scored in the UEFA Champions League, aged 17 years and 195 days. He found the net in Olympiacos's 5-1 defeat at Rosenborg on 1 October 1997.